Tram Accidents' Analysis - France
L Menetrieux, STRMTG, FR
The French Guided Transport Technical Service has collected national data on tram accidents with other road users since 2003 and gathered them in a data base : presentation of the methodology, results from 2003 to 2009 and data base's improvements.
In France, with the raising number of guided transport systems' projects the last decades, the related legislation has been updated in 2003 with the « Safety of Guided Public Transport Systems » Decree.
Since then, the French Guided Transport Technical Service (STRMTG), with the help of the tram operators in different cities, has collected national data on accidents between trams and other road users such as pedestrians, cars, bicycles, etc., but on derailments and collisions between trams too. The data also include the place where each accident has happened, the circumstances and its material and physical consequences.
A national data base has been created to gather all these informations on tram accidents. And for its exploitation, the STRMTG invented a codification with 14 numbers in order to identify every type of section in a tram line and to characterise its environment : crossroads (simple or complex), the type of traffic lights, roundabouts, tram stations, the limit speed for cars, for trams, the nature of the tram infrastructure,...
With all these informations, the STRMTG makes a yearly report presenting the results of the tram accident national database analysis and the evolution since 2003.
The aim of this database is first, to have a national view on tram accidents and second, to know which type of geometry is related with accidents and which aggravating factors should be avoided.
Our service has already produced results, graphics and analysis for the years 2003 to 2008. After a presentation of the methodology explained above, we will present these results and the ones for 2009, based on the data of 43 French tram lines.
To conclude, we are now refining our codification in order to improve our analysis, in partnership with operators, experts and local safety services.
Association for European Transport