Atkins and Pteg Study Reveals Most Effective Carbon Emission Measures for Major Urban Areas
Finding from a new report published by Atkins and the Passenger Transport Executive Group (pteg) reveal the measures that could enable England?s major urban areas, outside London, to make most progress on reducing carbon emissions from transport. Their findings show that in metropolitan areas measures including the take up of low carbon vehicles, driver training, stricter enforcement of speed limits, Smarter Choices and some form of demand management could have the most impact ? delivering a 24% reduction on 1990 levels by 2022, rather than the predicted return to 1990 levels under business as usual (tailpipe emissions).
The Carbon Pathways for Transport in the City Regions study was undertaken in 2009 to help advise decision makers on the best course of action to reduce carbon emissions from the transport sector.
In terms of CO2 emission reduction for the transport sector in the metropolitan areas, the analysis undertaken for the urban areas shows that the strongest emission reduction measures are:
? Support for the take up low carbon vehicles
? Stricter enforcement of speed limits (60 and 70 mph)
? Driver training programme (eco-driving)
? Provision of improved cycling infrastructure
? Roll-out of Smarter Choices initiatives and campaigns in targeted areas
? Improvements in bus fleet efficiency
? Introduction of workplace parking levy or equivalent demand management schemes.
Helene Vergereau, Managing Consultant/study leader, Atkins said, ?Not only does the modelling work show that the city regions can achieve significant reductions in land based transport emissions (24% in 2022 compared to 1990 levels), but that 80% of cuts could be implemented by city region partners through interventions which they would be responsible for - although there are significant funding requirements.
Achieving significant cuts in transport sector emissions in the city regions requires comprehensive packages of interventions, with a mix of measures devised to ensure that they support each other and manage any potential rebound effect. For example, our modelling work shows that the support to low carbon vehicles could result in significant increases in vehicle kilometres driven as it becomes cheaper to drive. ?
Jonathan Bray, Director, pteg said, ?Joint working at the city region level will be key to the delivery of significant in emission reductions. This is key to avoid displacing emissions from one area to the next, through co-ordinated and consistent use of the range of transport, traffic, street and spatial planning powers available to city region partners. ?
The study looked at a wide range on influences and factors including:
? Government policies on climate change and carbon emission reduction and transport
? Affordability and performance of low carbon technologies and interventions in the transport sphere
? Evidence on the relative costs and efficacy of the different policy options available to city region transport policy makers
? Consideration of carbon reduction initiatives in non-transport sectors
? Consideration of resources and governance structures required to deliver low carbon transport in the city regions.
The briefing paper and guidance are available on the pteg website.
Association for European Transport