Better Public Transport: Passengers' Valuation of Time and Service Improvements
KJOERSTAD K N and RENOLEN H, Institute of Transport Economics, Norway
During the last ten years, several Stated Preference studies have been conducted to investigate passengers' preferences and value of different service improvements. In Norway, studies in seven different cities with almost similar design are now finished.
During the last ten years, several Stated Preference studies have been conducted to investigate passengers' preferences and value of different service improvements. In Norway, studies in seven different cities with almost similar design are now finished. This makes it possible to compare the results and give focus on the variation between passengers.
The resuks from the studies are presented in four different reports (Norheim and Stangeby 1993, Kjorstad et al. 1994, Kjorstad 1995 and Norheim 1996). This paper will focus on the main results from the studies:
* Value of time (VOT).
* Weighted travel time.
* Variation of VOT depending of the service level.
* Valuation of rail services.
* Valuation of regularity.
* Valuation of service improvements.
* Variation between different passenger groups.
Ministry of Transport and Communications funded the planning of the survey in five of the seven cities and met half the costs of collecting the data. The participating regions covered the other half of the data collection. This analysis (called <<5 towns>> in this paper) is a part of the Norwegian trial scheme for the development of public transport.
The trial scheme was established by Ministry of Transport and Communications in 1991 and continued in 1992-96. Over the five-year period 1991-95, a total of about NOK 461 million has been allocated to 511 experiments (Froysadal 1995), including fare experiments, new services, better coordination of transport facilities, better information etc.
Overall analyses of the trial scheme have been conducted with regard to the 1991 and 1992 experiments (Norheim et al. 1993, Renolen and Hammer 1995). The overall analyses are based on a data base for the postcard surveys (the minimum evaluation), carried out as a part of the trial scheme.
Association for European Transport