Urban Freight Transport System in a South Europe City: Madrid. A Good Governance Experience
A Lucio, D Bartolome, Fundacion Movilidad, ES
The evolution of the Urban Freight Transport System in Madrid has required a space of shared reflection and dialogue built by FMov, allowing the actors to rethink the reasons justifying the need and the opportunity for an initiative or a measure
The evolution of the Urban Freight Transport System has been identified as one of the main challenges to be tackled along the transition of the city of Madrid towards the new culture for urban mobility.
The complexity of the matter is due to the labour, economic and social implications of any potential solution, which implies a redistribution of the operating costs, transferring a part of them to the city as a whole.
The process of problem analysis and debate upon the potential solutions has required the participation of all the stakeholders (including distributors, neighbours, different city council areas, political parties at the opposition, etc.) in a space of shared reflection and dialogue. This dialogue environment allows the actors involved to rethink the reasons justifying the need and the opportunity for an initiative or a measure.
The process has required facing a framework branded by its intrinsic snags, the inherent difficulties of governance in the South, the traditional complexity of Urban Freight Transport practices resulting in a semi-tolerated lack of discipline, the rapid growth of the city and the associated increase of traffic volume, the incorporation of the immigration, new population sectors with different social behaviours and cultures, which have taken over the operational duties, and so forth.
Therefore it became necessary an experience of shared knowledge, caring deeply about the details since they are key to bring about a confidence atmosphere facilitating consensus and allowing to reach conclusions.
The methodology used includes:
? Data capture in the fieldwork.
It was essential its role breaking myths, as demonstrated by the fact that the occupation of the urban freight parking spaces was free a 44% of the time, however distributors still think it is always busy. It resulted very valuable to know and share with the stakeholders other relevant aspects of urban freight practices coming from the fieldwork, for instance the fact that an 80% of urban freight is load or unload out of the parking spaces reserved for this purpose, the economic quantifications of double parking, and so forth.
? The role as facilitator of Fundación Movilidad.
The facilitator role requires a natural inclination to dialogue, encouraging stakeholders to participate. It also requires to be informed, assessing any initiative from an objective perspective, and analysing is potential fitting into the city?s sustainable scenario, taking into account the interests of every stakeholder.
? A dialogue methodology that fits in with the psychology of south Europe's socio-economic actors.
Conclusions reached include an important agreement on the need to move towards a change in current regulation, even from the consciousness of the complexity of any intervention in this area. The process open has also build and fixed some agreements on the criteria that should guide, in short and medium term, action and regulation of the Urban Freight Transport System and the capacity of Madrid City Council.
This experience is very useful to contrast the North-South contexts concerning the toolbox application, and especially valuable for the South and East European contexts, where there is a significant governance deficit compared with more advanced societies of North Europe.
Association for European Transport