Recreation and Leisure Time Related Mobility in the Future
P Sturm, C Breser, ZIV Gmbh, DE
Subproject of "Mobility 2050", part of the Sustainability Strategy of Hessen (Germany)
(Project duration: July 2010 to December 2011)
The government of the federal state of Hessen (Germany) has established a sustainability strategy.
One important topic of this strategy is mobility. One subproject of "Mobility 2050" addresses the recreation and leisure time related mobility.
Most trips (subject to sources 30 to 40 %) during the day are being executed during leisure time, with a growing increase in transport service. Nevertheless leisure time travel is a rather rarely considered field of study compared to business or commuter travel.
Thus it is even more important to put a focus on leisure time travel in the future. It has lots of characteristics and encloses long©\distance tourism as well as trips to major events, urban leisure time mobility with visits of theatres as well as local and open space recreation in parks, etc.
Given the importance of leisure time and recreation for people and society it is in fact vital to facilitate and to suport a leisure time behavior that coincides with sustainability. In this context it is obvious to support not only an attitude towards a mobility that copes with sustainability goals but to concurrently propose sustainable recreational activities.
Thus open space related recreational activities are a good starting point for a project "Leisure time travel of the future" in the context of the "Sustainability Strategy of Hessen".
There are numerous reasons in favor of this:
- Leisure time behavior will change in the future due to different influences; a reason for this is to be seen not only in demographic developments with a changed age distribution, but also for example in the development of private income and changes in moral concept.
- Recreational areas in zones of interest of settlement areas are a fundamental part for
strengthening proximity. They will grow importance as alternative to artificial worlds of
adventure and long-distance tourism.
- (Local) recreational areas show regional diversity and raise quality of life for inhabitants and guests. Direct experience with the attractive landscape adds to expand the image of Hessen, especially the Rhine-Main-Region, which is dominated by "hard" economic factors, such as airport, trade fair and banks. This image improvement adds to the economic sustainability and strengthens Hessen's position in the continuously harder competition for people with high skills and qualifications.
- (Local) recreational areas can be explored by individuals, but usually they are adventure
settings for families and groups. Thus they make an important contribution to social
- Exercising in open space or simply spending some time there promotes health and additionally the appreciation for the landscape. By this it can lead to a more considerate contact with nature. This is supported actively by theme trails and information centers in nature preserves and regional parks and provides for ecological aspects of sustainability.
- In local recreation the demand in activities with an adventure character increases as well.
Recreational use receives a cultural dimension by individually designed areas including
exhibits or by connections to industrial heritage.
- The expectations towards recreational activity will continue to rise in the future, as well as the demand for manifold group specific offers. Hereby result new tasks, that might open new business segments for certain economic sectors, e.g. agriculture.
Fields with identified need for action (work packages) are:
- Improved connection of the regional park to public transport
o Analysis of weakness and potentials
o Development and assessment of measures
o Recommendations for routes and guidance between public transport stations
and the Regional Park
o Organization of a pilot project
- Improving and providing information for recreation and leisure time mobility
o Identification of informational deficits in leisure time travel
o Definition of mobility relevant demands
o Implementing selected informational measures
- Rent a Bike
o Survey existing of local offers
o Development of bicycle route concepts
o Base for consistent bicycle rental concepts in different parts of the region
o Implementing measures in the pilot area
o Evaluation of the pilot projects
- Leisure time mobility services: New business fields for farmers in urban landscapes
o Survey of the current situation
o Identification of appropriate ¡°entrance portals¡± to the Regional Park
o Basic concept (= quality standards) for entrance portals
o Development of special, ongoing offers
o Organization of selected pilot projects
- Safe crossings along the main route of the Regional Park
o Analysis of existing data
o Concept development and coordination
o Selection of concrete crossing areas
o Identification of short©\term and long©\term measures
o Organization of selected pilot projects
Valuable results are being expected in regard of the modules - and pilot projects - transferability to comparable recreational areas.
Association for European Transport