Social Appraisal of Public Transport in Madrid



Social Appraisal of Public Transport in Madrid

Authors

MONZON A and GUERRERO M J, Madrid University School of Advanced Civil Engineering, CRISTOBAL C and SANZ C, Madrid Transport Consortium, Spain

Description

The population of the Madrid Region has stabilised at some five million inhabitants. The Metropolitan Area of the capital consists of the City of Madrid at its hub, with 2.9 million inhabitants and a density of 24,000 inhabitants/kin 2 in its central nucl

Abstract

The population of the Madrid Region has stabilised at some five million inhabitants. The Metropolitan Area of the capital consists of the City of Madrid at its hub, with 2.9 million inhabitants and a density of 24,000 inhabitants/kin 2 in its central nucleus, and a ring of outlying towns surrounding it with an overall population of 1.7 million and a population density which decreases with distance from the centre. Since the 1970s there has been a process of dispersion in which the central area has lost population to the surrounding townships. At the same time there has been an increase in the level of vehicle ownership, which is higher in Madrid than anywhere else in Spain at 365 vehicles/1000 inhabitants. Figure 1 shows the characteristics of the different areas of the Madrid Region and Figure 2 shows the distribution of journeys in each of them (Madrid Regional Authority Transport Department, 1994). This has meant that motor vehicle mobility requirements have increased and journeys are longer: over the last ten years the traffic flow has grown at a cure,dative rate of 6.6% annually. The mobility rate by motorised modes of transport has increased from 1.08 journeys per day per person in 1974 to 1.16 in 1981 and 1.27 in 1988 and all indicators point to an acceleration in recent years (Consejeria de Tansportes, 1993).

Publisher

Association for European Transport