Looking Beyond Europe for Emission Reductions: a Review of Transport Mitigation Policies in 20 Countries Outside of the EU, and Measures for the EU to Support Them
H Dalkmann, K Sakamoto, K Avery, L Phillips, D Palmer,TRL, UK
This paper presents the key results and recommendations of the ?Transport Measures and Policies to Promote Emission Reductions (T-MAPPER)?, project
In Europe, the transport sector was responsible for 22% of total EU GHG emissions in 2005, increasing by 28% between 1990 and 2006 (EEA, 2009a). For the EU to successfully meet its stated emission reduction targets of a 20% reduction compared with 1990 levels unilaterally by 2020, actions within transport must be enhanced (EC, 2010a).
Globally, transport currently accounts for 23% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, and is expected to grow strongly over the next 20 years. Non-OECD countries (most of which are outside of the European Economic Area) are likely to be responsible for the vast majority of the growth as their economies develop and motorisation continues rapidly.
In awareness of the above situation, DG-Climate Action of the European Commission (EC), commissioned a study known as ?Transport Measures and Policies to Promote Emission Reductions (T-MAPPER)?, in order to:
1. Provide a comprehensive understanding of policies being enacted outside the EEA to reduce the climate impact of the transport sector, some of which could be transferred to EEA countries, and;
2. Provide information on possible instruments to support the reduction, or avoidance, of increases in carbon emissions from transport in non-EEA countries.
This paper presents the key results and recommendations of this project, including an analysis of 690 policies that were identified from a review of 20 non-EEA countries, and 16 support mechanisms administered by the European Commission, other European institutions and international bodies, totalling more than 17 billion Euros per year. Recommendations are given to European policy makers in the fields of Transport, Climate and Development policy.
Association for European Transport