The Transport Commission of Greenland
J Nordskilde, S Bendsen, M Paabol Jensen, COWI, DK
This paper reports on the work of the Transport Commission of Greenland who publishes a report in March 2011. The Commission was appointed by the government of Greenland to analyse the main challenges of the transport system in Greenland.
This paper reports on the work of the Transport Commission of Greenland who publishes a report in March 2011. The Commission was appointed by the government of Greenland in October 2009 to analyse the main challenges of the transport system in Greenland, to identify development opportunities and to provide recommendations on how to arrange and organise the future transport system in Greenland. The recommendations should be specific and long-term, address both passenger and freight transport and should support the long-term goal of a self-sustaining economy for Greenland.
Greenland has some unique transportation challenges with its population of just 56,000 and a distance from north to south that is as long as from Oslo to Gibraltar. Transportation by air and sea play a vital role as there are no roads connecting towns in Greenland and the population is spread across 18 small cities and approx. 60 settlements. The arctic weather conditions pose an additional challenge as it is not possible to sail part of the year due to problems with ice. Another challenge is related to the fact that the current airport infrastructure is largely based on previous military installations. This means that the only two airports that receive flights from across the Atlantic Ocean (Denmark) are located far from the places where the majority of the population resides.
COWI has assisted the Greenland Self-Government as secretaries of the Greenland Transport Commission. COWIs role was - among other things - to support the Commission with comprehensive analysis and to assist in drafting the main report. To a large extend, the Transportation Commission's findings and recommendations has relied on analysis based on a traffic model and an economic appraisal model developed by COWI for Greenland Self-Government prior to appointment of the Transport Commission. The traffic model can handle aviation, shipping and road transport, and is complemented by a spreadsheet model calculating the economic implications.
The paper presents insight to the main challenges of the Greenland transport system and discus how these challenges can best be handled. Further, the paper presents selected results from the Transportation Commissions final report. This includes economic assessment of the impacts of selected infrastructure projects, which has been a key driver behind the recommendations of the Transport Commission.
More information about Transportation Commission's work can be found at: http://www.transportkommissionen.gl/
Association for European Transport