Franchised Rail Services in Sweden
HYLEN B, Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Sweden
According to the 1988 Transport Act in Sweden the County Passenger Transport Authorities (PTAs) gained the right to operate passenger services on the so-called regional rail lines with a freedom to invite tenders for these services. Later, certain interre
According to the 1988 Transport Act in Sweden the County Passenger Transport Authorities (PTAs) gained the right to operate passenger services on the so-called regional rail lines with a freedom to invite tenders for these services. Later, certain interregional services have also been put out to tender.
There is now a variety of contracts or franchises based on gross cost, net cost or various cost/revenue sharing agreements. The contracts cover a wide range of services from inter- regional overnight services to quite small isolated services with two vehicles. The paper will present these arrangements and discuss their pros and cons. Regional involvement, traffic volumes, technical development and available economic data will be presented.
Given the possibility to invite tenders the Jonkoping PTA contracted out the regional passenger services to the private company BK-Tag in 1990. In a new round of tenders Swedish State Railways (SJ) regained the contract in 1994. Jonkoping PTA claims that costs have been reduced by about 30-40% through the tendering processes. Two private operators remain however, BK-Tag operates regional services over the main line Nassjo-Tranas and Sydag has been contracted by the Kristianstad PTA for the YstadSimrishamn service.
Certain interregional passenger services which cannot be operated (by S J) on a fully commercial basis are also subject to a tendering process. Although SJ has won all the contracts until now the cost savings in the 20-30% range are claimed to have been achieved through tendering. More and higher quality services have also been introduced.
This paper is intended to form part of ASSERT; Analysing Socially Supported European Rail Services, a project in the EC 4th Framework Transport R&D Programme.
Association for European Transport