Impact of Climate Change on the Competitive Position of Inland Waterways Transport and Logistic Solutions
J van Meijeren, T Groen, D Vonk Noordegraaf, TNO Sustainable Transport and Logistics, NL
This paper describes an analysis about the impact of climate change on the competitive position of inland waterways transport and logistic solutions that can be taken to reduce the impact.
In the worst case climate change scenarios, a severe impact is expected on the sea water level (increase) and the water level on the main rivers (mainly decrease in second half of the year) on the long run (time horizon 2050). As a consequence, storm surge barriers have to close more often and inland shipping is only feasible by reducing loading rates or in worst case situations inland shipping is not feasible at all. This leads to increased transport costs and decreased reliability of inland waterways transport.
In this paper, first it is investigated what impact can be expected from climate change on the competitive position of inland waterways transport. In a second step, logistic measures have been analyzed that can be taken to reduce the negative impact of climate change making inland waterways transport and the supply chains more resilient against incidental and structural disturbances in the inland waterways network. Several logistic measures have been identified that have been distinguished in different categories: structural measures, responsive measures, transparency, cooperative and financial measures. Besides logistic measures, other types of measures in the field of river management (a.o. canalization of the Rhine), fleet management (a.o. new vessel design) and information management (a.o. information management systems/smart waterways) have been elaborated as well.
The study has been carried out within the National Research Programme Knowledge for Climate in the Netherlands. For this project TNO â?? Mobility and Logistics worked in a consortium together with the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment, the Port of Rotterdam, Delft University of Technology, Deltares, VU University of Amsterdam and Arcadis.
Association for European Transport