Developing Integrated Land Use and Transport Appraisal Guidance Which Will Contribute to Increasing Sustainable Economic Growth in Scotland
A Irvine, V Allan, Transport Scotland, UK
This paper will describe how Transport Scotland has developed Development Planning and Management Transport Appraisal Guidance (DPMTAG) through close liaison with the key stakeholders to planning reform in Scotland.
The Scottish Government has a central overarching purpose - sustainable economic growth, which means building a dynamic and growing economy but, at the same time, safeguarding our environment for future generations and ensuring our communities can enjoy a better quality of life. A reformed planning system is essential to increasing sustainable economic growth in Scotland.
The Planning etc. (Scotland) Act 2006 introduced important legal changes to planning in Scotland, but the legislation on its own cannot deliver the improvements that are needed and it is now the responsibility of the key stakeholders to improve the way they work and make the necessary changes to deliver planning reform.
At the first planning summit held in Edinburgh in October 2008, a common statement "Delivering Planning reform" was launched and agreed by the Scottish Government, Transport Scotland and other key stakeholders including:
- local and national park authorities;
- Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA);
- other Key Agencies (in addition to Transport Scotland): Architecture and Design Scotland, Historic Scotland, Scottish Environmental Protection Agency, Scottish National Heritage and Scottish Water;
- the development Industry;
- private consultancies;
- planning schools; and
- professional bodies.
This common statement aims to speed up the pace of planning reform through increasing co-operation and between stakeholders and more simplified, proportionate and transparent decision making processes, including statutory processes, in order to deliver better development in the most appropriate places and to deliver this more efficiently. It contains over 30 commitments which are kept under review by Scotland's Cabinet Secretary for Finance and Sustainable Growth, the president of COSLA and Chairs / Chief Executives of the Key Agencies.
Transport Scotland's Service Improvement Plan for Planning Reform, published in 2009, sets down Transport Scotland's commitments to changes to help deliver planning reform. One of these is to publish integrated transport and land-use appraisal guidance and to test the practicality of this guidance with COSLA and other key stakeholders.
This paper will describe how Transport Scotland has developed "Development Planning and Management Transport Appraisal Guidance" (DPMTAG)through close liaison with the key stakeholders to planning reform in Scotland. The guidance clarifies how Scottish Transport Appraisal Guidance (STAG) can be used proportionately in a development planning and management context in line with several Scottish Government policies and plans including (but not limited to):
-Scottish Planning Policy (February 2010);
-Planning Circular 1/2009: Development Planning (February 2009);
-Strategic Transport Projects Review (December 2008);
-Climate Change Delivery Plan: Meeting Scotland's Statutory Climate Change Targets (June 2009); and
-A Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland: Scotland - A Low Carbon Society (November 2010).
Following the STAG framework, transport problems and opportunities are identified, transport planning objectives are established and potential transport interventions are generated and appraised against the objectives and 5 criterion: Economy: Environment; Safety; Accessibility and Social Inclusion; and Integration.
In late 2009, Transport Scotland sought the early views of a small group of key stakeholders to planning reform, via a "pre-peer review" which allowed changes to be made to an early draft of the guidance. The updated guidance was then circulated for a more comprehensive peer review by a wide group of stakeholders between late August and mid- November 2010. It was considered that a peer review by key stakeholders would encourage shared ownership as the guidance evolves and ensure that it fit for purpose.
Transport Scotland is presently analysing the responses from peer reviewers and is encouraged by the very high response of 71% overall (which includes, for example, a response rate of 81% from local authorities). This level of response, and the responses received, reflects that stakeholders recognise that transport is a key element in delivering development and are keen to engage. The key message is that the guidance is welcomed by peer reviewers. The evaluation of the responses received from peer reviewers will be fully presented in the paper. This has highlighted both challenges and opportunities for key stakeholders to planning reform in Scotland.
The paper will also present an example to highlight how the developing guidance forms the basis of Transport Scotland's ongoing engagement with key stakeholders on the planning process.
The next steps taken in evolving the guidance will also be covered in the paper. This will include Transport Scotland agreeing the way forward with colleagues more widely in Scottish Government through the Planning and Transport Integration Group (PTIG). It is anticipated that publication of the guidance will follow.
Association for European Transport