Impact of Land Use Transformation on Trip Generation in Budapest
C Kelen, Közlkekedés Ltd, HU; G Jenei, Z Krasnyanszky, A Pusztai, University of Technology and Economics, HU
The land use pattern of Budapest transformed in the last 20 years. Extensive surveys are used to map changes and estimate trip generation of developments. Indicators are used to measure the effect of changing land use on travel and sustainability.
Changes in the political and economical structure transformed the land use pattern in and around Budapest in the past 20 years following the onset of democracy.
Budapest consists of a relatively unchanged inner city, where the slow intensification of land use was compensated by decreasing population. The industrial tear around the city centre disintegrated, leaving vast brown filed areas for redevelopment. Underused areas, such as rail yards and depots added to the vacant land. On the other hand, mid-density and low density family housing areas sprawled in the suburbs. Finally, large shopping malls and hypermarkets dotted the landscape. The mixed land use pattern has been transformed to homogeneous, far-spaced developments. Local design code is very loose in terms of transportation considerations, resulting in highly public transport-unfriendly developments, even in the inner city. City policy is also fairly lenient in terms of requiring acceptable level of public transport development for new, intensive land use developments.
The objective of this work is twofold. First, we are collecting extensive field data that will be used to estimate trip generation models for the new development types. Such land uses are supermarkets, hypemarkets, specialty stores, shopping malls, large office complexes, hotels, etc. Second, the field data will be used to analyse the longitudinal effect of changing land use patterns on the travel behaviour and particularly, mode choice. The hypothesis is that the lack of coordinated land use planning in Budapest resulted in non-sustainable changes in travel patterns, such as growth in private transport. While transportation infrastructure and rolling stock procurements to improve public transport are in the works (such as Metro Line 4), the gains of such projects are largely offset by the lack of coordination in the land use developments.
Association for European Transport