Developing Management Capacity of Tanzania's Road Department



Developing Management Capacity of Tanzania's Road Department

Authors

ANDRESKI A, European Commission Delegation to Tanzania and AWADH A, Ministry of Works, Tanzania

Description

The United Republic of Tanzania has a large surface area of approximately 945,000 square kilometres with about 30 million people. More than 80 per cent of the inhabitants live in rural areas with concentrations on the geographical periphery.

Abstract

The United Republic of Tanzania has a large surface area of approximately 945,000 square kilometres with about 30 million people. More than 80 per cent of the inhabitants live in rural areas with concentrations on the geographical periphery.

Agriculture is the dominant economic activity, directly or indirectly employing some 90 per cent of the population, estimated to account for 60 per cent of Gross Domestic Product in 1988 and greater than 65 per cent of foreign exchange earnings. Road transport accounts for more than 80% of goods and passenger movements in the country. Mainland Tanzania is divided into twenty Regional Administrations and the existing classified road network covers about:

Trunk roads 10,200km (3,500kin paved)

Regional roads 20,000km

District roads 24,000km

Unclassified and feeder roads 30,000km

Urban roads 800kin

Total 85,000km

Since 1985 Tanzania has been reforming its economy through its "Economic Recovery Programme", which has largely been aimed at moving away from centrally planned government towards a more market driven one. A crucial part of this is the transport sector, which is dominated by the roads sub-sector. Following a brief period of expansion immediately after independence, the road network in Tanzania degenerated into one of the worst in eastern and southem Africa during the 1970s and 1980s. This situation had to be reversed, and in 1987 a major donors conference was held in Arusha. The outcome of that conference was a 10 year programme (1990- 2000) called the Integrated Roads Project (IRP). This was an ambitious programme to rehabilitate a large part of the road network and formulate a maintenance regime utilising the concepts behind the World Bank's Road Maintenance Initiative (RMI).

Publisher

Association for European Transport