E-Vehicles: A Viable Innovation Policy Intervention for City Logistics?
A Roumboutsos, S Kapros, University of the Aegean, GR
Electric vehicles have received considerable attention as an innovation contributing to the reduction of local air and noise pollution. However, small production rates reflected in high purchase prices, leading to small market uptake and underdeveloped support/service networks, renders them commercially unjustifiable. Urban freight transport operations may provide the grounds to promote larger scale deployment, but policy intervention is required.
Identifying when and how policy makers should intervene is an objective. This is analyzed on both an EU level and a “typical” city level with the respective System of Innovation as proposed in the presented framework. The analysis also is viewed inter-temporal. While on an EU level, the strong partnerships required are both identified and in place, on a “typical” city logistics level, the multi-actor environment with the plethora of binary objectives limits the direct policy intervention to regulator/ planner, if market distortions are to be avoided. In this case, while consolidation may be achieved, this does not necessarily lead to the introduction of electrical powered vehicle fleets.
Association for European Transport