Reform and Modernisation of the Russian Management System



Reform and Modernisation of the Russian Management System

Authors

BOUSQUET F and QUEIROZ C, The World Bank, USA

Description

The Russian Federation, with a land area of 17.1 million square kilometers, is by far the largest country in the world, stretching across 11 time zones. A country of such huge dimensions requires an extensive transportation system including roads. The lat

Abstract

The Russian Federation, with a land area of 17.1 million square kilometers, is by far the largest country in the world, stretching across 11 time zones. A country of such huge dimensions requires an extensive transportation system including roads. The latter, however, constitute a relatively sparse network and the general condition of roads and bridges is not satisfactory.

The low spatial density of public roads (26.5 km/1,000 km 2) reflects the large uninhabited areas of the country and the fact that public roads account for only about one half of the road network. Paved public roads density in terms of km per million inhabitants is also low in Russia (about 1,800 km/mn population) compared with Western Europe (for example, over 10,000 km/mn population for Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Denmark), Canada (10,530 km/mn population) and the USA (over 14,000 kin/ran population). Considerable differences are evident between federal and regional roads in terms of road density, as shown in Table 1. The density of regional roads is much greater than that of federal roads, particularly in spatial terms.

Publisher

Association for European Transport