Improving Urban Transport Thanks to Semantic Interoperability



Improving Urban Transport Thanks to Semantic Interoperability

Authors

Jose Gato Luis, ATOS, Wout Hofman, TNO, German Herrero Carcel, ATOS

Description

Nowadays, interaction and information flows between actors in supply chains are very strict and limited in the current logistic processes. Actually, there is a lack of reliable information, because of scenarios where actors possess (and interchange) data which has been created by others. From a customs point of view, this lack of (access to) reliable information makes risk analysis difficult. In this respect, a new issue is raised: Who possess the most reliable information?

Abstract

Nowadays, interaction and information flows between actors in supply chains are very strict and limited in the current logistic processes. Actually, there is a lack of reliable information, because of scenarios where actors possess (and interchange) data which has been created by others. From a customs point of view, this lack of (access to) reliable information makes risk analysis difficult. In this respect, a new issue is raised: Who possess the most reliable information?
Data is shared amongst stakeholders with bilateral agreements, either directly between those stakeholders or by using community. Not only these bilateral agreements are an issue, i.e. it is difficult to quickly implement interoperability with new business partners. For instance, purchase orders, invoices and Bills of Lading are available, but the actual content of packages is lacking. The latter are mostly SMEs without actual means to enter or register the data.

The possibility of logistics where stakeholders share his business capabilities through Logistic Service Profile definitions is introduced. But, what is a profile? A profile is an actor’s description using a common (reference) model. This description includes business operations in terms of offers (what an actor knows to do, “provider”) and goals (what an actor requires to do, “customer”). We have exposed the need of two main different profiles: customers and providers. Thus, the supply chain could be configured based on matching between goals and offers. This matching composes a new chain of business process that works collaboratively in order to achieve a final objective. Thanks to the use of a common model, this description is understandable, shareable and can be used by everybody participating in this environment.

A virtual data pipeline of interoperable stakeholders through common interfaces and data models could facilitate the capture and sharing of information. In this scenario, “last mile” actors could play a new role, offering their services in a market where everybody have the same tools to express their capabilities. Usually, small and medium companies find a barrier publishing their services, this implies to establish contracts or dependencies in systems of bigger ones. A new IT environment in charge of defining and developing interfaces could demonstrate the value of a data pipeline, with a common understanding on logistic services (Logistic Service Profiles), fostering interoperability and facilitating the market entry point of all kind of actors with independence of their size.

Publisher

Association for European Transport