A System Approach for Sustainable Management of Traffic Safety



A System Approach for Sustainable Management of Traffic Safety

Authors

ABBAS K, Egyptian National Institute of Transport, Egypt

Description

Road safety records in developing countries demonstrate that traffic accidents is one of the major causes for casualties. Studies carried out by the Transport and Road Research Laboratory, see Jacobs et al., 1981, World Health Organisation, see WHO, 1989,

Abstract

Road safety records in developing countries demonstrate that traffic accidents is one of the major causes for casualties. Studies carried out by the Transport and Road Research Laboratory, see Jacobs et al., 1981, World Health Organisation, see WHO, 1989, and the United Nations, have demonstrated that road accidents in the Third World:

* are a major cause of death and injury, for example they account for almost 10 percent of deaths reported in the 5 - 44 year age group.

* are a considerable waste of scarce resources with accidents typically costing at least 1 percent - 2 percent of countries' GNP per annum, in addition to the substantial pain, grief and suffering.

* represent a serious problem in terms of fatality rates with rates at least an order of magnitude higher than those in industrialised countries.

Road safety programmes have gone through several stages starting from identification of accidents blackspots and single sites treatment, through treatment of accidents based on an area wide approach. Currently, traffic safety experts across the world are advocating the development of an integrated approach towards road tratfc safety, and especially in developing countries where safety records are relatively poor.

Publisher

Association for European Transport