Criteria for High Speed Railway Introduction and Application in India
H Takeshita, Institution for Transport Policy Studies, JP
This study aims to consider the criteria to evaluate whether a corridor is suitable for high speed railway introduction. And these criteria applied in India as case study.
As environmental awareness expands on a global scale, the role of railways as a viable environmentally-friendly transport system is gaining important attention. Under these circumstances, introducing high speed railways is being seriously considered in countries throughout the world. In addition, with the increase in transport demand due to continuing rapid economic growth, high speed rail is also being aspired to as a mass transport system to satisfy intercity transport demand in developing countries. Some governments have already disclosed visions to introduce country-wide high speed rail networks. However, the criteria to make such visions are often unclear. In order to effectively judge the adequateness of developing high speed railway corridors, it is required to be aware of the necessary criteria.
Therefore, this study aims to consider the quantitative criteria to evaluate whether a corridor is suitable for high speed railway introduction. This study also aims to provide a tool for visioning a nationwide high speed railway network. For this purpose, data from countries which have already introduced high speed railways, such as transport volume and distribution of large cities, economic situation when high-speed rail construction was initiated, and so on, are presented and analyzed in a cross-sectoral manner. In particular, the experiences of Japan are especially focused upon because Japan is the only country which introduced high speed rail in the early stage of the country's economic development and this experience is useful reference for making the criteria for developing countries.
The criteria mentioned above are then applied to India as a case study. India has a vision of high speed railway network development which consists of six corridors. However, the case study shows that there are many city pairs not mentioned in the six corridors vision that meet the necessary criteria for rail corridors. This indicates that India has many corridors suitable for high speed rail, to be developed in the mid and long term.
Association for European Transport