Pedestrian Modelling Techniques in Achieving Planning Efficiency and Real Life Solutions

Pedestrian Modelling Techniques in Achieving Planning Efficiency and Real Life Solutions

Nominated for The Planning for Sustainable Land Use and Transport Award


Samya Ghosh, AECOM, Andrew Leeson, AECOM, Ewa Prawdzik, AECOM


A paper followed up by presentation on application of pedestrian modelling technique on wide range of planning challenges, its application on design iteration and operational planning and ongoing attempts of development.


This paper is intended to start with a brief background on pedestrian/crowd modelling history and background followed by its evolving development in multiple dimensions. Then through presentation of some relevant case studies in which the authors have personally been involved, it will be demonstrated how the application of this crowd planning and modelling tool and technique on a wide spectrum of real life problems have provided practical solutions at various stages of planning, design and operation.

Both first principle based approach of static analysis as well as micro-simulation based approach on simulating the crowd flow behaviour will be discussed in the paper. It will be further described how the tool is used for normal circumstances as well as emergency situations and robust planning for such circumstances.

The paper will cover how the outputs from this tool can be manipulated in different forms and used for various stages of planning of a new infrastructure, design iterations and refinement, setting up efficient operation and management plans, presentation before stakeholders, etc. An emphasis will be given on the safety considerations too, and how the analysis of outputs from the pedestrian modelling can lead to determine the operational safety over a physical space and during special events.

Finally an overview of the application of pedestrian modelling for various types of landuse development and its success in fulfilling various conflicting objectives and informing the value engineering process will be discussed.

The paper will conclude with a brief description the ongoing developments in the pedestrian modelling aspects, its current and forthcoming challenges and its potential application on other multitude of options with a view to achieve planning robustness and efficiency.


Association for European Transport