ROMANSE: Road Management System for Europe
WREN A and LAUGHLIN K, Hampshire County Council, UK
An efficient transport system is an essential element of a properous economy. Increased mobility through mass car ownership and improved roads has transformed lifestyles in the last twenty years but the continued demand for private car use has a negative
An efficient transport system is an essential element of a properous economy. Increased mobility through mass car ownership and improved roads has transformed lifestyles in the last twenty years but the continued demand for private car use has a negative impact on our lives, producing pollution and congestion. It is no longer feasible or desirable to embark on an expansive road construction programme to accommodate traffic growth. Alternative solutions have to be found to reduce the demand for travel by car and encourage the use of public transport.
In order to influence travel behaviour and fully utilise the existing transport infrastructure, several innovative traffic solutions have been implemented by the Hampshire County Council led ROMANSE (ROad MANagement System for Europe) project.
ROMANSE was founded in 1992 as a multi-million pound pilot project to establish Southampton as a model for transport management systems across Europe through the use of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). The success of this project has assisted in acquiring funding from the European Commission's Fourth Framework Programme and the United Kingdom's Department of Transport for further ITS research and development in the second stage of ROMANSE.
Initially, ROMANSE was part of the EuropEan initiative, SCOPE, a collaboration of the cities of Southampton, Cologne (Germany) and Piraeus (Greece) which attracted funding from the European Commision's Drive 1I programme for the development of ITS solutions to traffic problems. It was a partnership of both public and private sector organisations. The core partners were Hampshire County Council, Southampton City Council, Siemens Plessey Traffic Controls Limited and the Transportation Research Group of the University of Southampton. Other partners included Ordnance Survey, British Broadcasting Corporation, Ford Motor Company, Atkins Wootton Jeffreys and the Transport Research Laboratory.
The initial project was concerned with the collection, collation and dissemination of accurate and timely travel information at a Traffic and Travel Information Centre (TTIC) based in Southampton. The data gathered orginated from a number of pilot schemes, for which the declared objectives were to:
- influence travel behaviour
- increase the use of public transport
- maximise the efficiency of the transport system
- assist in improving environmental conditions
The second phase of ROMANSE has witnessed a continuation of the collaboration of the partner cities in the Fourth Framework Project, EUROSCOPE (Efficient Urban Transport Operation Services Cooperation of Port Cities in Europe). The objective of Euroscope is to demonstrate and validate further ITS systems in user application sites across Europe to maintain sustainable economic and social transport systems. Euroscope has expanded the initial SCOPE consortium to include the cities of Rotterdam, Strasbourg, Genoa, Hamburg and the minor partners of Cork and Land Brandenburg. The consortium includes public transport operators, port and transhipment centres, industrial system providers, broadcasters, transport consultants and research agencies.
The second stage of ROMANSE will build on the infrastructure provided to pilot level in the initial stage and provide larger scale demonstrators and improved applications to assess more comprehensively the effects of ITS. The ROMANSE Traffic and Travel Information Centre (TTIC) will continue to sit at the heart of the project. The various systems housed in the TTIC are described below.
Association for European Transport