Possible Development of Intercity Bus Infrastructure in Germany
Matthias Walter, Civity Management Consultants GmbH + Co. KG, Konstantin Meermann, Civity Management Consultants GmbH + Co. KG
This study is to provide a view on how new intercity bus terminals can be developed to minimize public subsidies for their operation. Therefore, the location and possibility for ancillary revenue, besides user fees, were analyzed.
On January 1st 2013 Germany liberalized the market for intercity bus services. Ever since the number of intercity bus operators and lines as well as the number of passengers increased constantly. In contrast to this development the infrastructure, namely intercity bus terminals, is only rarely adjusted to the new market situation. This study is to provide a view on how new intercity bus terminals can be developed to minimize public subsidies for their operation. Therefore, the location and possibility for ancillary revenue, besides user fees, were analyzed.
The study starts out looking at the age and condition of the current infrastructure (built and under construction), modes of operation as well as the location respective to highway access, train stations and airports. These informations are enriched by the weekly numbers of departures per intercity bus terminal. Fur-thermore, a classification of intercity bus passengers was made, regarding e.g. travel frequency, time spent at the terminal and possible shopping patterns. Derived from these information and insight into airport management, ancillary revenue possibilities from renting out commercial space are calculated and brought into context with the current situation of existing intercity bus terminals. This was done for three specific terminal sizes.
The study also includes a glance into two more developed intercity bus markets. One is Sweden, were the Stockholm intercity bus terminal generates extra revenue by handling the daily operation of other intercity bus terminals. The other is the American market were a large portion of the intercity bus market avoids all terminal infrastructure.
Association for European Transport