DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF HYPOTHESES REGARDING BENEFITS OF ITS APPLICATIONS IN MARITIME LOGISTICS



DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF HYPOTHESES REGARDING BENEFITS OF ITS APPLICATIONS IN MARITIME LOGISTICS

Authors

Susanne Kellberger, Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics and Services CML

Description

This paper aims at filling that gap and enhancing the understanding of the perceived usefulness of various ITS applications and technologies in the maritime logistics and their contribution to information quality as well as process efficiency.

Abstract

DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF HYPOTHESES REGARDING BENEFITS OF ITS APPLICATIONS IN MARITIME LOGISTICS

Susanne Kellberger


Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics and Services CML, Hamburg, Germany
Email: susanne.kellberger@cml.fraunhofer.de



Abstract

1. Background

After some decades of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)1 in the road sector most of the stakeholders support that idea, use it themselves and/or are convinced that the advantages of doing so overcome the disadvantages like investment and maintenance costs or missing standards. Most of the ITS capabilities mentioned by ERTICO affect individual road transport or public transport [1].

In comparison to that, other transport modes lag behind. At least the innovation climate in the air transport sector allows to test and implement more and more ITS applications. Especially the projects SESAR and SESAME helped to modernize the European air traffic management system [2].

But the rail as well as the maritime sector are just starting to discover ITS in the last years. Especially in the maritime container logistics chain there is a huge potential but only limited implementations. Not much research has been done in the overall added values of ITS in that sector, but a few projects and studies give some indications on the respective benefit [3].

This paper aims at filling that gap and enhancing the understanding of the perceived usefulness of various ITS applications and technologies in the maritime logistics and their contribution to information quality as well as process efficiency.

2. Approach

An analysis of available studies, reports and projects results will be conducted with regard to statements about the potential benefits of various ITS applications that can be derived. This analysis will be limited to the so far rather underexplored field of ITS in the maritime logistics.

The selected applications cover all kinds of ITS in maritime logistics like:
• Automatic Identification System (AIS) of vessels
• Vessel Traffic Service (VTS)
• River Information Services (RIS)
• Smart Containers / Smart Reefers
• Terminal Operating Systems (TOS)
• Port Community Systems (PCS)
• Applications for mobile devices (smartphones)
• RFID usage for fruit or car handling at terminals
• RFID usage at cruise vessels
• …

For each topic hypotheses will be formulated that reflect the different perspectives of benefits and from ITS. In a next step the hypotheses will be sorted, clustered and transformed into items within a questionnaire.
In order to find out more about the potential benefit of these ITS applications, a survey will be conducted among certain involved key stakeholders. Therefore the key stakeholders have to be identified, contacted and convinced to participate in that survey.

3. Results

This paper presents hypothesis that have been extracted from various studies that take care of maritime logistics processes and their effects by implementing ITS solutions. The technologies involved cover RFID, GNSS, GIS, TOS, PCS, RIS, AIS, and many more. The technologies are applied to various processes of the maritime logistics chain. To name a few examples: Cruise vessels supply chain, terminal productivity, truck appointment systems, container and reefer monitoring,

4. References

[1] European Road Transport Telematics Implementation Coordinating Organization ERTICO http://www.ertico.com/about-ertico-its/

[2] Steer Davies Gleave (2005) Assessment of options, benefits and associated costs of the SESAME Programme for the definition of the future air traffic management system; http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/its/air_en.htm

[3] Enhancing the transfer of Intelligent Transportation System innovations to the market (T-TRANS) (2012) http://www.ttransnetwork.eu/ttrans/

Notes

1 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) use information and communications technologies to improve safety, reliability, efficiency and quality of transport. The technologies are therefore added to infrastructures and are integrated into the corresponding transport vehicles.



Keywords: Intelligent Transport Systems, ITS applications, information quality, process efficiency

Publisher

Association for European Transport