Impact of Common Transport Policy on Czech Railways
Tomas Paleta, Masaryk University, Faculty of Economics and Administration
This paper is focused on implementation of Common railway transport policy in the Czech railway sector.
Railway packages are most important tools of the EU aimed at revitalising of the European railways. Their implementation in particular Member States differs and above all it is not easy. On the one hand, some states have implemented all covered legislation smoothly; others were taken to Court of Justice of the EU.
This paper is focused on implementation of European railway transport policy in the Czech railway sector. It takes into account five aspects. First, the paper analyses the process of implementation of the European railway packages in the Czech Republic, the way how the implementation was carried out and what were the real results in the Czech railway sector. Specifically, the paper evaluates the impact of the European legislation on the competitive structure of the Czech railway sector, and the position of the incumbent state-owned operator (Ceske Drahy). Second, drawbacks of the implementation and the overall impacts of the legislation on Czech railway industry are reviewed. Third, omissions and mistakes are analysed, primarily in context of the decision of the Court of Justice from the 11th July 2013. Fourth, the paper considers possible impacts of the proposal of the 4th Railway Package on the Czech railway sector. It is considered in context of opinions and attitudes to the proposal of 4th railway packages of involved institutions such as railway operators, infrastructure managers. Fifth, railway packages refer to high-speed rails as well. That is why it is focused on projects and plans for high-speed railways and possible impacts of high speed railway on the mobility in the Czech Republic, in both local and European context. It examines the feasibility of the current plans and the possible, mainly political, drawbacks of the high-speed railway.
Association for European Transport