Strategic Multimodal Transport Policy Development in a Market Economy. the New Zealand Experience



Strategic Multimodal Transport Policy Development in a Market Economy. the New Zealand Experience

Authors

TOLEMAN R F, Ministry of Transport, New Zealand

Description

1.1 The Pace of Reform

Abstract

1.1 The Pace of Reform

Extensive transport sector reforms involving deregulation, competition, privatisation and commercialisation are in full cry on every hand. In New Zealand local symptoms of the global wave of change include the transfer of port operations to new companies; the opening of the coast to foreign shipping; the deregulation of domestic air services; the privatisation of Air New Zealand; the liberalisation of all forms of road transport regulation; and the privatisation of Tram Rail (New Zealand Rail Ltd). The new reforms represent perhaps the most fundamental set of changes in transport since the Industrial Revolution. There is a great deal of sound and fury, but what does it all signify?

The reforms are the result of fundamental changes in collective perceptions of the best way of delivering transport services. Deregulation, privatisation and all the other trends are not ends in themselves - they are the means to ends. We need to understand what the longterm strategic goals are in any particular case in order to provide a framework for examining present and future reform initiatives.

1.2 The New Zealand Example

This paper looks at the strategic development of the New Zealand transport sector since the late 1970s. It does not seek to provide a detailed account of the process as it has affected both Government and operators, but is designed to show how the processes of reform are being linked together into a longterm strategic framework. It will look at the way in which strategic goals have been developed; the assumptions behind them; their implementation, both now and in the future; and the broad outcomes to date.

Publisher

Association for European Transport