Bike Sharing Systems: Effectiveness, Impact and Assessment

Bike Sharing Systems: Effectiveness, Impact and Assessment

Nominated for The Neil Mansfield Award


Avgi Vassi, NTUA, Thanos Vlastos, National Technical University of Athes


The report on BSS aims to present up-to-date facts and figures on BSS in Europe, provide evidence on the effectiveness, and assessment, allow valuable insights on the success factors for sustainable BSS, based on city experiences and lessons learned


Bike sharing systems are critical tools of current policies and practices to address challenges, as part of wider urban mobility management strategies. The key objective of these systems is to provide free or low cost access to bicycles for short distance trips in urban areas as an alternative option to private car use, therefore reducing air pollution, noise levels and traffic congestion. The report on cities' bike-sharing systems facts & figures is a foreseen output of CycleCities project. The facts & figures report on cities’ bike sharing systems aims to: a) present up-to-date facts and figures on bike sharing systems currently in use in European cities b) provide evidence on the effectiveness, impact and assessment of certain bike sharing system cases c) allow for valuable insights on the decisive, success factors for sustainable bike sharing systems based on city experiences and lessons learned. An online survey captured the views and opinions of key individuals involved in bike sharing schemes, systems and projects.
Bike sharing systems survey aimed at collecting evidence about the main BSS operators and providers, the most usual hiring and payment methods and facts concerning BSS operation. It also aimed at collecting key figures as regards the implementation and operation of BSS in European cities. In this part of the survey, information regarding figures such as number of bikes and stations by city size and cycling modal share, average yearly rents, cost of registration, free use time offered by the systems and level of investments are provided. Finally, an in depth analysis of survey results based on both qualitative and quantitative analysis of data collected through the BSS fact sheet and the BSS survey questionnaire was realized. This study ends up with the lessons learned from this critical view of BSS.
Finally a critical analysis and lessons learned concerning the integration of BSS with public transport, the placement of BSS stations, the maintenance and technical support of BSS and also public acceptance of the systems as measure of awareness will be presented.


Association for European Transport