Relationships Between Transport and Land Use in the Netherlands
CHEUNG F and Ôt HOEN A, Ministly of Transport, The Netherlands
An important challenge confronting the Dutch policy makers is to resolve problems associated with the lack of space, increases in car use and rising demands for a better environment. It is, therefore, not surprising that physical planning and transport pr
An important challenge confronting the Dutch policy makers is to resolve problems associated with the lack of space, increases in car use and rising demands for a better environment. It is, therefore, not surprising that physical planning and transport projects are often important topics that receive much attentions. In the past, the Dutch had created polders (land out of sea beds) with ingenuity and enterprise but this option is becoming too expensive. New ways and means have to be found to ensure that in future sustainable development can be achieved.
This paper attempts to provide a comprehensive survey of the many efforts that the Dutch Government is engaged in pursuit of sustainable development. The structure of this paper is as follow. Section 2 gives an outline of the government's policy on transport and physical planning. It presents an overview of the aims and objectives of different policies. It highlights current thinking on the importance of co-ordinated efforts to provide a pleasant and durable environment for home, work and recreation. Section 3 describes an integrated framework that has been devised to assist the formulation of a common policy on location for business and services in the interests of accessibility and the environment. Section 4 outlines two projects which will provide background information on policy options for public consultations and political discussions. They are initiatives in a search for imaginative solutions to face the challenges set by transport and physical planning in the longer term. Section 5 presents the results and findings of a research programme that had been undertaken to gain insights into the relationships between transport and land use. Section 6 concludes the paper with a few remarks which serve as food for thoughts.
Association for European Transport