Simulation of Parking Spaces
Tor Vorraa, Citilabs
The efficiency of parking spaces is of great importance for new developments as well as for existing malls, arenas, train stations and other park and ride facilities.
Simulation of parking spaces
Abstract submitted by:
The Oriel, Sydenham Road, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 3SR, UK
The efficiency of parking spaces is of great importance for new developments as well as for existing malls, arenas, train stations and other park and ride facilities. There is a lot of evidence from around the world that problems with internal traffic in parking lots, e.g. capacity bottlenecks within the lots themselves, can lead to tailback queuing onto entry roads and ramps and even congestion on surrounding links and junctions. Citilabs has developed an extension to its micro simulation tool, Cube Dynasim, for simulating parking lots and town centre parking. The paper will present examples from around the world, including a model built for EXPO 2015 in Milan, the KL118 tower in Kuala Lumpur, malls in Europe, Asia and elsewhere.
Parking lots are grouped in “zones” with any dimension or geometry. Reaching a zone each vehicle will try to find a parking space, trying to optimize the final location based on the position of parking “attractors” and the minimization of the walking distance. In case a vehicle does not find an available parking space, it will turn around that zone and continue looking for a parking space or it will choose and reach a new zone to look for a new parking space. It is possible to specify a “visibility” parameter for each alley and simulate the impact of VMS indicating the occupation rate of the parking lots.
Association for European Transport