Development and Implementation of a Transferability Methodology for the Identification of Potential Measures to Be Adopted by the Island of Corfu in Order to Enhance Urban Mobility and the City Logistics System
Kornilia Kotoula, Hellenic Institute of Transport/Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (HIT/CERTH), Maria Morfoulaki, Hellenic Institute of Transport/Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (HIT/CERTH), Alexander Stathacopoulos, Hellenic Institute
The aim of this paper is to present a methodology that was developed in the framework of ELBA IEAA project in order to transfer best practices and identify strategies for establishing more sustainable transport systems in the island of Corfu
The aim of this paper is to present the methodology developed in the framework of ELBA IEAA project for examining the transferability of best practices and the identification of potential strategies for establishing more sustainable transport systems on the island of Corfu, Greece. Transferability is the process of transferring the results or solutions of one study to another. It requires the recording of the specifics of a situation and comparing these specifics to those of another environment or situation with which they are similar.
The island of Corfu is currently in need of a more sustainable transport system. Research analysis proved the island’s need for the reduction of car use, for the improvement of public transport services and for the logistics services optimization. The potential for transferability of “intermediate” and "flexible" transport and logistics schemes identified and implemented on the island of Elba was investigated. The measures considered, aimed at allowing the island to achieve high standards of energy efficiency and improving its environmental performance through a remarkable modal shift from private transport to eco and energy efficient sustainable services and significant rationalization of freight delivery services.
In order to achieve these results, a transferability methodology was followed based on seven steps.
STEP 1: Evaluation of the existing situation in the target city (city of Corfu) and identification of the problems to be solved. During this stage, the analysis of the current practices and policies regarding city logistics and passengers’ mobility of the Corfu city were presented in order to identify the main gaps that the transferability study should examine and solve.
STEP 2: Identification of common characteristics between the target (Corfu) and the origin city (Elba). In order for the proposed measures to be transferable; the origin and target city had to be comparable. The comparability was proven by identifying common characteristics and common problems. This identification was achieved through specific analysis of the two cities’ profiles.
STEP 3: Ranking of the goals that the target city should achieve through the transfer of the measures/services. The ones selected for adaptation should serve specific goals and needs of Corfu’s city. These goals were identified by data analysis and interviews with the authorities and the end users of the proposed services.
STEP 4: Identify specific measures with potential for transfer. At first level a critical analysis of the measures/services that have been implemented at pilot stage in ELBA island took place using specific indicators such as operational viability, cost effectiveness and other physical, organizational and functional indexes. The output of this analysis was the level of capability of Corfu town to adapt these practices.
STEP 5: Ex-ante assessment of measures to transfer. The target city needed to assess if the measures/services that would be transferred could achieve the goals ranked as first priority in the abovementioned step 3. The issues were pre-assessed for Corfu in relation to relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, utility and sustainability.
STEP 6: Identify need for adjustment. In many cases, the adaptation of specific measures is followed by specific adjustments such as legal issues, institutional aspects or policies that must be reformed or changed in order to become adoptable from the target city.
STEP 7: Implementation and evaluation methodology and main results. Finally, after the final planning of the transferability process, specific methodology for the implementation and evaluation of the proposed services was proposed in order to assess the results that these services would have on Corfu.
The above procedure revealed the pilot services that could be implemented on Corfu. The main results of the proposed measures can be calculated upon implementation and the impact of these measures quantified using the following key performance indicators:
% Reduction of the v/c ratio of the main axis during the peak hours
% Increase of the Average Speed in the main city axis.
% Increase of the Urban and Interurban Public Transport Share
% Reduction of city logistics vkm and of the number of vans entering the city
% Increase of the occupancy rate of the vans entering the city centre
Finally, an estimation of the results in terms of reduced environmental impact and energy savings was presented considering specific assumptions.
Association for European Transport