Study on the Implementation of the TEN-T Regulation
Arnaud Burgess, Panteia, Rob Leeuw Van Weenen, Panteia, Jan Francke, Ministry of Transport (NL) KIM
This paper will show the criteria to determine if and when sections of TEN-T network do meet the requirements of the TEN-T Regulation with present policies.
Study on the implementation of the TEN-T regulation
All Member States of the European Union have to contribute to the development of Trans-European Networks. This has been determined in the EU Treaty. National networks should be developed into one European network, supported by the TEN policy. For transport this policy has been laid down in Regulation (EU) No 1315/20131 for the Trans-European transport network.
This paper will show the criteria to determine if and when sections of TEN-T network meet the requirements of the TEN-T Regulation with present policies. In the paper we will also address the process that has been ongoing since the beginning of 2014 in which member states, the Commission, consultants and different advisory boards have participated.
In the paper and presentation we deal amongst others with the opportunities and risk for member states and possible ways of enforcement to attain the goal of completion of the TEN-T. The process that took place is described and a synthesis will be given of 9 TEN-T corridors.Opportunities and risks
The requirements across the EU, especially with regard to the core network, contribute to the quality of the transport infrastructure in the EU reaching a higher level. Modern, more efficient hinterland connections are important to the European economy. Furthermore the requirements aim at a higher percentage of sustainable transport.
It is also important that requirements are set for the comprehensive network in the long term. Because 2050 is set so far in the future, the risk is that not much progress will be made in that direction in the coming decennium. With differences in infrastructure planning schemes within the EU this risk is imminent. For example, the Netherlands is one of the most forward looking Member States with a scheme up to 2028.
On the one hand the Regulation offers Member States flexibility for implementation. On the other hand there is a risk that this will result in a system that is not interoperable. It is important to keep an eye on how EU countries deal with the requirements set by the Regulation on one and the same corridor.
If infrastructure is not adapted to the requirements set by the Regulation, or not adapted in time, the European Commission can start up a procedure against Member States that can lead to a European Court case and to a conviction; third parties can also turn to the European Commission or to the Court directly.
Member States can apply for exemptions to the Regulation’s requirements in the case that investment in infrastructure cannot be justified in socio-economic cost-benefit terms.
Finally, it is important to note that the network is not defined for all eternity. Adaptations are possible if, based on Eurostat, it appears that the required volumes have not been reached after a number of years. An evaluation will take place of the core network, no later than 2023, taking into consideration national implementation plans and future extensions.
For each corridor a Final report was produced In the process with the member states that covered the whole year of 2014. The Final Report provides a summary of the results of the Corridor Analysis with the characteristics of multimodal transport infrastructure as well as the market-related transport flows, the corridor development objectives and the implementation schedule. It also comprises all project information provided and coordinated with the Member States. It provides a profound analysis of the projects regarding scope of measures, maturity / status of work as well as costs and funding. Furthermore it has been checked if these projects are compliant with the identified critical issues. These results were finally checked and confirmed by the Member States for the Final Report. The Final Report includes a number of comments and inputs given by the Stakeholders during and after the 2nd , 3rd and 4th Corridor Forum meetings. The final comments made by the MS representatives and Stakeholders in the 4th Corridor Forum or received in writing until end of November 2014 have been appropriately considered by the Consultant when producing the Final Report. The finalised report was sent by the Study team on 5th December 2014 to the Technical Advisor of the Coordinator. Parts of the study report were used for the Corridor Work Plans, that a separate document issued by each of the 9 Corridor Coordinator in December 2014.
Association for European Transport