Design Concepts for Interchanges in a Future Intermodal and Co-modal Rail Freight Transport System
Luigi Capodilupo, University of Rome Sapienza, D M Z Islam, NewRail Centre for Railway Research, Newcastle University, S Ricci, University of Rome Sapienza
By means of cost-benefit analysis criteria, the paper presents approaches offering cost- and time-effective improved interchanges for rail freight services.
The objective of this paper is to present some design concepts for interchanges, including rail-road, rail-rail and rail-sea terminals referred to 2030 and 2050 horizons. Previous studies, funded by European Commission (EC) (Capacity4Rail, 2015; Islam, Jackson, & Robinson, 2014; Islam, Jackson, Zunder, Laparidou, & Burgess, 2013) suggest that there will be a higher demand of rail freight service in 2030 and beyond. The studies also emphasis that the rail freight industry will need to prepare them to meet the customer demands of the future such as reliability, on-time-in full delivery, door-to-door instead of terminal-to-terminal services etc. The intermodal and co-modal interchanges are an important area that can appear as a barrier or enabler to reliable door to door intermodal and co-modal freight services (Islam, 2014a, 2014b). This is in particular crucial in the context of achieving modal shift to rail from road transport as by the European Commission (European Commission, 2011). The current paper starts by assessing the key functionalities of the existing rail interchanges, identifies the major needs and areas of improvements (Mangone & Ricci, 2014) including innovative technologies and operational approaches affecting design standards and methodologies (Ricci, 2014), operational practices, key performance indicators. By means of cost-benefit analysis criteria (e.g. using extended automation and/or achieving shorter-turn-around time through faster transhipment along the transport chain), the paper will present approaches offering cost- and time-effective improved freight services towards future reliable rail freight services.
Key words: interchanges, intermodal, co-modal, transhipment, innovative technologies, cost benefit analysis
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Association for European Transport