METHODOLOGY FOR EVALUATION OF ACCESSIBILITY IN THE AREAS OF POLES GENERATORS TRAVEL ENVIRONMENT: TERMINAL SUBWAY STUDY ON THE FORTALEZA-CE CITY, BRAZIL
Maria Elisabeth Pinheiro Moreira, Universidade Federal Do Ceará, Ramon Freitas De Araújo, Universidade Federal Do Ceará, Nadja Dutra Montenegro, Universidade Federal Do Ceará
Accessibility is a concept that seeks to facilitate the ingress of all people to the urban environment. This research developed a methodology to evaluate the current accessibility conditions in the vicinity travel generators poles.
Accessibility is a concept that seeks to facilitate the entry of all people to urban areas, regardless of physical ability of each. This concept is being increasingly required by the society as a way to democratize the use of these spaces. Therefore, engineers, architects and planners must adapt their projects to the Universal Design principles. In accordance with federal law, the Government of the State of Ceará, Brazil, published in 2009 a guide, which deals with concepts and sizing of urban equipment for the accessibility of care in the built environment, aiming mainly to the inclusion of people with disabilities and reduced mobility. In order to complement locomotion care of people, this research developed a methodology to evaluate the current accessibility conditions surrounding generators poles trips, in order to support decision makers in prioritizing future adjustments. Thus, the study used the Delphi technique to identify, according to the opinions of a group of experts, the criteria and sub-criteria more necessary to promote the accessibility of the pedestrian. With the Delphi Technique to the group of experts got the consensus on the priority criteria and sub-criteria to promote physical accessibility. Following, field surveys were conducted in the vicinity of three terminals subway city, identifying the main existing travel generating centers, and the main routes used by pedestrians between them and surveyed terminals. In the field survey data, we designed a form with scoring scale for the criteria / sub-criteria evaluated, built from the Likert scale, to verify the degree of compliance of the current legislation with the equipment deployed in the studied routes. The overall score for each route translates into planning the necessary physical corrections in order to offer better accessibility to all.
Association for European Transport