PEDESTRIAN ACCESSIBILITY OF INTERMODAL TERMINALS IN HISTORICAL CENTRES: CASE STUDY OF CAIS DO SODRĂ‰ STATION
Anna Ibraeva, Autoridade Metropolitana De Transporte De Lisboa, Professor João Figueira de Sousa,
The paper seeks to explore the ways to improve pedestrian accessibility of Cais do SodrĂ© intermodal terminal, located in the historical centre and to make proposals, based on field research and observations, for improving pedestrian environment.
Pedestrian mobility has been drawing much attention in recent years as a way to improve urban environment and citiesâ€™ attractiveness. Local authorities are encountering numerous difficulties trying to deal with large traffic flows, especially in historical centres of European cities, where street organization does not provide space for abundant vehicle use or parking. Public transport serves as an alternative to private vehicle, however, due to complexity of modern urban agglomerations travelling by public transport often implies use of different transportation modes.
Intermodal transportation is particularly relevant for Lisbon Metropolitan Area, inhabited by almost 3 million people many of whom work in Lisbon, thus representing a significant commuter flow.
Cais do SodrĂ© is centrally located intermodal terminal crucial for commuters coming from Cascais line and Southern bank. The terminal is composed by railway station, ferry station, numerous bus stops and metro station, so is typically characterized by large passenger flows.
The aim of this study is to explore the ways to improve pedestrian facilities in the area of Cais do SodrĂ©, facilitating access to various transport services. Developed proposals are based on field research and observations made in different locations affected by the terminal. It has been noted that pedestrians are encountering certain difficulties while accessing to the station due to lack or inappropriate location of crosswalks and narrow sidewalks which cannot accommodate existing pedestrian flow. Another relevant issue is the use of Rua do Arsenal by large numbers of passengers from Cais do SodrĂ©, even though nowadays this street is characterized by heavy traffic flow and poor quality of pedestrian environment. Simultaneously, there is a pedestrian priority zone parallel to Rua do Arsenal which starts at Cais do SodrĂ© but unfortunately spatial layout of the terminal does not promote its use (for example, there are no navigation signs for it). In addition to that, there is a through tunnel inside a building of Portuguese Navy which connects Ribeira das Naus with one of cityÂ´s squares and is currently used exclusively by Navy as a passage to interior parking lot. Opening this tunnel to general public could ease significantly the access to Ribeira das Naus and could decrease travel time for people going to Cais do SodrĂ© using pedestrian zone.
To sum up, the paper includes proposals for improvement of access to intermodal station located in historical centre where interventions should be made carefully, taking advantage of existing built environment.
Association for European Transport