Urban Concepts for a New (e-)mobility Culture
Nominated for The Neil Mansfield Award
Dennis Knese, Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
The presentation will point out challenges and chances for cities which come along with the introduction of e-mobility and new mobility forms. It will show some exemplary approaches of cities in Germany and from abroad.
Cities in Europe underlie strict emission limits by the European Union. The transport sector accounts for a large share of pollutants. Electric vehicles combined with renewable energies can help to reduce the emissions and enhance the quality of life in cities. Moreover, e-mobility opens a chance to change the mobility behavior of people and so the mobility culture. But to sustainably introduce e-mobility within the existing transport system cities have to shape the right circumstances.
Important questions address the establishment of a demand-orientated charging infrastructure combined with the right marking and design of parking lots, as well as the generation of intermodal connecting points where people can change from one mode to another. But also electric bikes and scooters need a better infrastructure as they have a big potential for reducing traffic and land consumption in urban areas. Besides an appropriate infrastructure, citizens need to be convinced of a shift towards more sustainable transport modes by offering incentives and providing detailed information about new technologies and offers.
Some cities are implementing e-mobility measures in their climate action plans or urban development strategies; others try to set legally binding regulations for real estate developers in land-use plans. The royal road has not been found up to the present moment. Also, a new constellation of actors and land use competitions within cities make it harder to achieve short-term goals. The more important it is to work strategically on the transition of the energy and mobility system likewise. The aim should be to develop a sustainable concept for the implementation of e-mobility measures in planning new building areas, and within existing structures. Intelligent mobility concepts have to be combined with innovative urban planning approaches where actors from different disciplines as well as citizens work together.
The presentation will point out challenges and chances for cities which come along with the introduction of e-mobility and new mobility forms. It will show some exemplary approaches of cities in Germany and from abroad (e.g. Berlin, Hamburg, Amsterdam, Copenhagen). It will discuss drivers and barriers for progress and possible strategies for municipalities. The presentation is based on the findings of the PhD project by the author, working on the integration of e-mobility into urban planning and street design. Also, some results of a research project dealing with the mobility behavior of people and the needs of electric vehicle user will be highlighted. An emphasis lies on analyzing cities’ strategies and comparing it to peoples’ demand
Association for European Transport