Effect of Transport Attributes on Urban Congestion and the Environment: the Case of Bangkok



Effect of Transport Attributes on Urban Congestion and the Environment: the Case of Bangkok

Authors

ANURAKAMONKUL K, HAYASHl Y, NAKAMURA H and OSMAN 0, Nagoya University, Japan

Description

Bangkok the capital of Thailand, has been recogniZed as one of the fastest gowing as well as most trafficcongested metropolis in the world. In 1995 there were six million registered persons living in metropolitan a m of 1,569 !a?. After exploiting over t

Abstract

Bangkok the capital of Thailand, has been recogniZed as one of the fastest gowing as well as most trafficcongested metropolis in the world. In 1995 there were six million registered persons living in metropolitan a m of 1,569 !a?. After exploiting over three decades of rapid economic growth concentrated in and around the capital, Bangkok is suffering from serious traffic-related problems, pady caused by lack of wellestablished transport and land use plans in the past. Average road speed during rush hours in ceaain locations of CBD (Central Business District) is less than 5 kmh. Over 20% of commuters spend more than two hours per day for one-way home-based work trips. It is reported that sixty to seventy thousand cm were newly registered per mum in the five years until 1994. Unsurprisingly, the majority of air monitoring stafons reported that air pollution levels mqured at road-side were far beyond the internationally acceptable standards. This subsequently leads to current public interest in not only economic burdens but also social and environmental externalities.

Publisher

Association for European Transport