Local Authorities Face to the Challenges of Electromobility
Thomas Plantier, CEREMA, Cécile Clément-Werny, CEREMA
The aim of this proposal is to highlight the paradoxes between local mobility policies and the deployment of charging points for electric cars. It also proposes some practical solutions to overcome these difficulties.
The development of transport with low emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants is a priority of the French government since the Grenelle Environment (2007). Ambitious objectives have been set, such as :
• having 2 million electric vehicles on the roads by 2020 (one of the objectives of the national plan for the development of electric and hybrid vehicles in 2009) ;
• in 2030, seven million electric charging points (target within the draft law to the energy transition to green growth in 2015).
Achieving these goals will require strong and sustained actions. Indeed, late 2014, there were only 35,000 electric vehicles in circulation (excluding motorized two-wheelers), and there were about 50,000 charging points across public roads, in parking lots, in homes and business buildings
The implementation of a charging infrastructure network is a prerequisite for the development of electric mobility. The objective of this proposal is to introduce strategies at local and national level to ensure a coordinated development.
Since 2010 and the enactment of the Grenelle 2 law, municipalities are responsible for the creation, the maintenance and the operation of the charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. But they often don’t know the regulations and obligations to be meet. We recall the main ones and particularly those relating to public streets charging points.
In addition, on their territory, local authorities need both to reconcile the objectives of reduction in car traffic and to ensure the deployment of electric mobility. This challenge can be paradoxical :
First, in large cities where charging stations are often deployed in densely populated areas in a cost-effective manner whereas those areas are particularly well served by public transport.
Then on the less dense regions where environmental issues are no less important but where the social and economic problems make it hard to reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
Given the disparity of territories, we will highlight the paradoxes and propose some practical solutions, especially relating to the organization of public streets parking, to the link between charging stations and new mobility services, to the best places to set up recharging points for electric cars.
Association for European Transport