Logistics Platforms Models for Three Brazilian Regions
Regina Meyer Branski, Sao Paulo University, Leonardo Varella, Santa Catarina University, Mirian Buss Gonçalves, Santa Catarina University
Logistics Platforms are facilities where are performing activities of transportation, warehousing, etc.; rationalizing the logistics processes. The research objective is proposing logistics platforms models for three Brazilian regions.
Logistics platforms are facilities where several agents perform activities of transportation, warehousing, packing, distribution and even manufacturing of goods for both domestic and foreign market. In spite of numerous studies on the subject, there is no consensus on what actually characterizes this type of installation. Most existing studies address isolated elements and thus are not able to offer a global vision that captures the dynamics of these facilities (Boile et al, 2009; Higgins and Ferguson, 2011; etc.).
In Brazil has been developing several projects for the implantation of logistics platforms. So, studies that indicate elements that should be considered in their planning are important. The research objective is proposing logistics platform models for three Brazilian regions: State of Santa Catarina, Amazon and the Campinas Metropolitan Region (CMR).
The model is based on reference framework propose by Branski e Lima Jr. (2013) that was developed from case studies with important European platforms (Carvalho et al., 2013) and covers three groups: environmental attributes, platforms attributes and intelligence attributes. Environmental attributes refer to the regional characteristics, defining the location and transportation infrastructure in the region. The platform attributes looks further on the corporate objectives, forms of management, size, main occupants, cargo handling, main products, besides logistics and support services. And finally, intelligence attributes consist in elements that allow streamline processes and reduce the complexity of supply chains.
For this study a survey in scientific journals, official documents and specialized publications was made on economic characteristics, logistic infrastructure and major products and trade flows in the three regions studied. Data were compared with the reference structure that enabled some inferences about the ideal platform model for each region.
The study concludes that to CMR and Santa Catarina, platforms must meet the three flows: urban, interstate and international trade flows. The ideal location for the CMR platform is along Bandeirantes Highway because it is close to large urban centers and major transportation routes. To Santa Catarina, the ideal location is in Foz do Itajaí because the region is central and close to the main port of the state. In the Amazon, the ideal location is in Manaus, where is located the Free Zone.
Finally, about processes rationalization and synergies, the CMR and Amazon electronics sector have great potential to operate in logistics platforms for two reasons: first, it is linked to both national and international flows (it buys components from abroad and sells finished products for the domestic market), and second, it has a complex production chain and great potential to take advantage from the productive integration and processes rationalization. In addition, new regulations require appropriate treat for the used electronic products. Specialized platforms could provide an adequate infrastructure for these materials, increasing process efficiency. In the case of Santa Catarina, the platform must attend the products produced in the State (such as agricultural, mechanical metals, textiles and clothing), seeking synergies through economies of scale and sharing of infrastructure and equipment available in these facilities.
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Carvalho, C.C.; Branski, R.M.; Lima Jr, O.F. (2013) Atributos para caracterização de plataformas logísticas: estudo de casos na Espanha, Itália e Dinamarca. Revista Transporte. Vol. 1, número 1, pp. 23-33.
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Association for European Transport