Recommendations for Cycle Infrastructure Solutions on Hills Based on Cyclists’ Preferences



Recommendations for Cycle Infrastructure Solutions on Hills Based on Cyclists’ Preferences

Nominated for The Planning for Sustainable Land Use and Transport Award

Authors

Kirsti Rossvoll Sandberg, NTNU - The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Civil and Transport Engineering, Eirin Olaussen Ryeng, NTNU - The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Civil and Transport Engineer

Description

This paper suggests cycle infrastructure solutions to be used on hills, based on the cyclists’ preferences and the hills’ slope. Whether different solutions should be recommended for up- and downhills at various slopes is also discussed.

Abstract

Background
A political objective in Norway is that all future growth in passenger transport in large cities should be accommodated by public transport modes, walking and bicycling. To facilitate increased bicycle traffic, research show that it is important to establish bicycle infrastructure that feels safe and effective for cyclists. In Norway, cyclists are allowed to cycle in many different infrastructure solutions: sidewalks, separate bicycle- and walking paths, bicycle lanes, and cycling in mixed traffic. In order to encourage cyclists to choose established bicycle infrastructure solutions, cyclists need to find the infrastructure attractive. In many places, Norwegian topography and associated slopes of roads are challenging for cyclists. The cyclists’ speed will vary, depending on the magnitude of the slope, whether the slope is uphill or downhill, and according to individual differences among cyclists. The best cycle infrastructure solutions on flat terrain are therefore not necessarily the same cycle infrastructure solutions that work best on slopes.
Purpose
This paper aims to identify infrastructure solutions on slopes that are preferred by all kinds of cyclists. The paper also discusses to which extend it should be recommended to use different infrastructure solutions in up- and downhills, at various degree of slopes.
Methodology
The study uses a mixed qualitative and quantitative approach. It is performed in two steps: 1) semi-structured open ended focus interviews among 8 cyclists with different characteristics, and 2) a stated preference survey conducted as an on-site interview among approximately 100 cyclists in traffic. The purpose of the focus interviews is to better understand the main qualities perceived by users concerning cycling on hills. These identified main factors form the basis for the stated preference survey. The purpose of the stated preference survey is to map cyclists’ preferences for various infrastructure solutions on up- and downhills at different slopes. The data will be analysed according to gender, age and other user characteristics.
Results
The data will be collected and analysed during spring 2015. The results will be presented in this paper at the European Transport Conference. Based on the study, recommendations of infrastructure solutions for cyclists on hills will be identified and exemplified.

Publisher

Association for European Transport