Developing a Policy Model for Sustainable Urban Transport
Bård Norheim, Urbanet Research, Trude Tørset, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Two ongoing projects in Norway and Sweden seek to develop and test a policy model for sustainable urban transport. The objective of policy models is to investigate the cost effectiveness of general strategic plans and combination of policy measures.
The main objective of two ongoing projects in Norway and Sweden is to develop and test a “Policy Model for Sustainable Urban Transport”. Policy Models is a rapidly increasing method when the objective is to evaluate the effects of different policy measures, synergy effects of combined measures and coordination between policy areas. A strong expected population growth in urban areas, and a need for strong and coordinated measures for sustainable urban transport, will increase the need for policy models. The objective of policy models is to investigate the cost effectiveness of general strategic plans and combination of policy measures. Actual measures for this tool box will be land use planning and urban structure, development strategies, restrictive car use and ownership policy and funding models. The project aims at collecting and using new input data on topics where current transport models are weak, especially related to cycling and walking and public transport (e.g., real time delay data). Results from a number of stated preferences experiments conducted by the project team and others will be used to estimate demand effects related to these transport modes. The cities of Uppsala, Malmø and Oslo will be the case studies for this model development. We will also test the transferability of the model to several other cities in Norway and Sweden. The case studies will be used to compare the impact of similar policy measures in different urban areas. We will also investigate to what extent the framework for public transport and car use will influence the cost efficiency of different policy measures and the costs for different stakeholders. The project will both test the benefit of using the “Policy Model for Sustainable Urban Transport” compared to traditional transport models and the potential for urban areas to achieve sustainable urban transport.
Association for European Transport