Set of Indicators for Sustainability Performance Assessment in Ports
Vanessa De Almeida Guimarães, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Ilton Curty Leal Junior, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Miller José Vargas Gonzaga, Universidade Federal Fluminense
We aim to purpose a set of indicators to assess sustainability performance of ports terminals. Besides, we evaluated five Brazilian container terminals, considering one indicator of each aspect that comprises sustainability concept.
Ports are an important intermodal terminal for a particular country (or region) economy because they concentrate the goods flow for exportation or importation. Despite their economic relevance, ports can cause negative impacts in environment – such as GHG and pollutant emissions – and different levels of impacts in society – as employment or social disintegration and violence (Lemos et al, 2014).
However, ports’ performance assessment usually considers economic, environmental and social aspects apart. Nevertheless, it is important consider them jointly, as the sustainability concept recommended. So, this paper aims to purpose a set of indicators to assess sustainability performance of ports terminals. Besides, we evaluated five Brazilian container terminals with the highest amount of container handled, considering one indicator of each aspect that comprises sustainability concept.
Bibliographic research was done in order to understand how we can apply sustainability concept to assess ports performance and to select a set of indicator which can represent economic, environmental and social aspects. It also helps to choose the indicators that were used to assess the performance of the selected container terminals.
Data was gathered from documental research, involving governmental (and private) agencies and ports’ reports. A multicriteria technique known as Grey Relational Analysis - GRA were applied in order to establish the sustainability ranking of container terminals.
At the end, we intend to indicate which terminal has the best sustainability performance and which aspect had the biggest influence in each terminal result.
Lemos, V. C. L.; Guimarães, V. A.; Leal Junior, I. C. (2014) ASPECTOS PARA ESTUDO DE IMPACTOS SOCIAIS EM PORTOS. XVIII ANPET.
Association for European Transport