Landuse Transportation Integration Strategy for Smart City
Ranjan Jyoti Dutta, Urban Mass Transit Company Limited (UMTC)
The study apprehends the crucial linkage between travel demand and landuse and strives for achieving optimal mixed land-use integrated with transport for reduction of average trip length and travel demand in the study area.
Increasing sprawls of urban areas in Indian cities due to development activities is adversely affecting the environment as human footprint spreads over a larger area resulting in increased movement from one point to another. Further, rising level of incomes consistent with growing GDP level and lack of proper planning has resulted in an unsustainable and automobile dependent society. Land-use has crucial impact on travel demand and therefore it is vital that there should be an effective integration between land-use and transport. An optimal mixed land-use integrated with transport reduces the trip length and reduces the overall travel demand in turn.
Objective & Methodology:
The objective of land use transportation integration strategy is defined for the case study area of Udaipur city in India to develop Udaipur as smart city through achieving sustainable mobility scenario with lesser emission levels and improved mobility and accessibility.
To reduce the motorized vehicle kilometers traveled and increase the probable shift towards Non Motorized Transport (NMT) and Public Transport (PT) as a mode choice, an iterative process has been adopted where the appropriate land use mixes have been tested to arrive at optimum intra zonal shorter trips by NMT modes and attainment of minimum possible level of Average Trip Length (ATL). Based on the results of the iteration, the feasible strategies for land use transportation integration has been developed for Udaipur city which aims at adopting two pronged approaches, firstly at macro level; it defines the shape & growth pattern, structure and distribution of the land use typologies across the city. Secondly at micro level, the scenario strives for achieving sustainable neighborhood development based on intensity of land use and population bearing capacity of the area defined by density, through emphasis on Infill and Redevelopment of the available land.
Results and Conclusion:
With adoption of landuse transportation integration strategy in the Indian city of Udaipur, the growth of the city can be made more compact and uniformed in general and the existing residential neighborhood more self reliant & sustainable in particular, which is evident from the fact that there has been an increase in the Intra Zonal trips (predominantly NMT trips) upto 68% and comparatively reduced ATL. With the encouragement of high density compact development, 80% of the households could be made within 10 mins of walking distance from existing Intermediate Public Transport (IPT) routes or proposed PT corridors resulting in increased accessibility to the existing IPT or the proposed PT system. Due to more concentration of mixed activities along the proposed public transport corridors with improvement in last mile connectivity, motorized vehicle kilometers is reduced by 18% resulting in comparatively lesser CO2 emission levels.
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