A System of Within-day Dynamic Demand Assignment Models for Scheduled Intercity Services



A System of Within-day Dynamic Demand Assignment Models for Scheduled Intercity Services

Authors

CASCETTA E and BIGGIERO L, University of Naples and NUZZOLO A, SINTRA S.r.1. Consulting and ROSSO F, University of Reggio Calabria, Italy

Description

Demand and assignment models adopted to simulate intercity transportation services are usually based on a static representation of the system. This implies that scheduled transport services, such as rail or airplane, are modelled as service "lines", follo

Abstract

Demand and assignment models adopted to simulate intercity transportation services are usually based on a static representation of the system. This implies that scheduled transport services, such as rail or airplane, are modelled as service "lines", following an approach substantially similar to the one used to represent urban transit services. Consistently, mode and service type choice models include in their utility functions only time averaged attributes of the schedule such as frequencies and average travel times and prices. The static approach, though adequate for the long-term planning of new infrastructures, is not satisfactory to support operational, marketing oriented decisions such as the service schedule and time-varying prices.

This paper presents a system of within-day dynamic mode/service choice and assignment models which is used as the modelling basis for a large Decision Support System for the operational planning of rail services named SASM, recently developed by the Italian Railways company "Ferrovie dello Stato". The first part of the paper describes the demand model based on a tree-logit service/run/class choice model explicitly taking into account desired departure/arrival time; the supply model based on a diachronic (spatial-temporal) network representation of scheduled services; the assignment model which is a Stochastic Network Loading (SNL) model based on explicit (diaehronic) path enumeration. The second part of the paper describes shortly the basic functionalities of the DSS and some applications of the model system to the Torino-Venezia rail corridor.

Publisher

Association for European Transport