Exploring Motorcycle Riders’ Emotional Dynamics for Safe and User Friendly Intersection Design.



Exploring Motorcycle Riders’ Emotional Dynamics for Safe and User Friendly Intersection Design.

Authors

Olugbenga O. Samuel, IIE, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Guy H. Walker, IIE, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Paul M. Salmon, University of the Sunshine Coast Queensland, Australia

Description

Exploration of riders’ emotional dynamics at intersections using the circumplex model of affect for the design of intersections that creates cognitive alertness and emotional excitement for riders and other road users.

Abstract

The knowledge of what influences riders behavior at intersection is important in the design of appropriate and sustainable road safety strategies. Most motorcycle crashes occur at intersections and rider's emotional state determines how they overcome conflicts and challenges. From a cognitive perspective, this paper seeks to explore the dynamism in riders’ emotions as they traverse these intersections. The circumplex model of affect (Russell, 1980) was used as a framework to describe riders changing emotions. Data collection was through the use of participants’ interview and on-road semi-naturalistic study into road users’ situational awareness. 18 participants who had valid license and rode their own motorcycles participated in the study. They were requested to ‘think aloud’ as they rode on a predefined 15km urban road. Result from the analysis of the transcribed verbal protocol shows that riders emotions vacillates between high and low, negative or positive affects. It was also observed that changes in rider’s emotions is more common from the zone of high positive affect into the zone of low positive affect, and less common from the zone of low negative affect into the zone of low positive affect. This simply means riders rather than remain jittery or nervous, transit to comfortable emotional states like being calm and excited or change from being calm to becoming gloomy or sluggish as they approach or exit intersections. The implication of the findings include recommendation for road infrastructures that reduces transitions into negative emotional states which can lead to conflict at road intersection, but encouraging activities that improves safety and situational awareness. Junctions and intersections that make riders and other road users more cognitively alert and emotionally excited were recommended.

Publisher

Association for European Transport