Patterns and Strategies in Barcelona Metropolitan Mobility
M Villalante, Barcelona Regional Urban Development Agency, C Jimenez, Barcelona Regional Urban Development Agency
This paper analyses the changes in the main figures for Barcelona metropolitan mobility in recent decades, in terms of flows and patterns as well as social perception, and considers the consequences.
This paper analyses the changes in the main figures for Barcelona metropolitan mobility in recent decades, in terms of flows and patterns as well as social perception, and considers the consequences. The tools, strategies and challenges that enable an integrated, sustainable and efficient metropolitan mobility model are formulated and examined based on this analysis.
Finally, we consider the aspects most closely related to mobility and infrastructure that could be included in the future Urban Metropolitan Plan (PDU).
CHANGES IN MOBILITY IN THE BARCELONA METROPOLITAN AREA
In general terms, flow and mobility patterns have changed substantially in recent decades at the same time as the evolution of various metropolitan dynamics, such as land use and its territorial distribution, income levels and the redistribution of the population among the other factors. A comparison of the flows for occupational reasons (1986-2010) shows more significant differences, in terms of shift from a mobility with a destination that is clearly Barcelona towards a mobility with a vast range of origins and destinations, i.e. a mobility that is more complex and more dispersed .In order to study the causes of this change, we must first analyze various territorial, social, economic, infrastructural and even personal aspects.
In short, changes of residence have not been accompanied by changes in the location of jobs, and the situation has therefore created increased demand for mobility.
The large proportion of journeys on foot (53´1%) within the modal distribution is due to the markedly urban nature of the metropolitan area. It is also necessary to consider the profile of the users of the various means of transport, as this provides information that is relevant when formulating future mobility policies
Based on the current situation, defining the state of mobility a few decades into the future is a risky undertaking, although it is possible to outline some trends. Doing so even for the next five years is hazardous, since it is difficult to predict the changes in the different variables that influence how, how often and why people travel.
In any event, one aspect that does seem to be clear is that the metropolitan population will be increasingly older. And mobility patterns differ widely from one age group to another. For example, we must remember that older people travel on foot more than other groups, and therefore live in the closest proximity to the urban space. We therefore need to consider which future transport and mobility networks will be necessary for these future users
We have formulated a series of questions related to the mobility model, which in our opinion should be considered in terms of urban development, as part of the work on the drafting of the new PDU for the Barcelona metropolitan area. There is a clear relationship between the territory and mobility, but there are still many areas where coordination and integration can be improved in the planning stage.
Association for European Transport