Goods Deliveries in City Centres: Have We Got the Policy Balance Right?
WHITEING A E University of Huddersfield and EDWARDS S J, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
After a number of years of comparative dormancy, interest in urban freight research is now increasing. On a European scale, the COST321 urban freight research programme has produced interim results which are likely to influence policy making in the years
After a number of years of comparative dormancy, interest in urban freight research is now increasing. On a European scale, the COST321 urban freight research programme has produced interim results which are likely to influence policy making in the years ahead. A report produced by TNO Delft in conjunction with the COST321 working group identified a wide range of potential urban freight policy measures (Tanja et al, 1995). Those regarded as most promising include;
* transport co-ordination and co-operation of retailers
* reduction of packaging volumes
* common use of transport fleets
* information systems and telematic applications, traffic guidance schemes
* goods distribution centres (i.e. trans-shipment centres), possibly rail connected
* consolidation using special urban containers
* replacing large lorries by smaller trucks or vans
* co-ordination of intermodal transport
* urban road pricing
* special urban lorry licensing schemes
* use of alternative vehicle fuels, and quiet vehicles
* urban collection and delivery at night.
In the UK, the Freight Transport Association has promoted the establishment of industry/locai government partnerships 'to encourage best practice and develop environmentally sensitive, economic and efficient delivery of goods in towns and cities'.
A national steering group has been established and partnership groups have been set up in Aberdeen, Birmingham, Chester and Southampton. Good progress is reported on these initiatives and a report on the findings is due for publication in late 1997 (Freight Transport Association, 1997).
This paper presents findings from two projects on urban freight undertaken at the University of Huddersfield over the last three years, in order to evaluate urban freight policies currently used in UK city centres.
Association for European Transport