WILL A CHANGE IN THE REGULATORY MODEL OF DELIVERING PUBLIC TRANSPORT, TO AN AREA-BASED DELIVERY, IN GREATER KUALA LUMPUR IMPROVE URBAN MOBILITY?
Chris Handyside, CH2M, Ruannan Law, CH2M, Arnold Alphonso, CH2M
Whether a means to re-regulate bus services, through a revised area based delivery, in Kuala Lumpur will bring changes to urban mobility.
Until relatively recently, where a model of quantity bus licensing was in existence, the general perception on the delivery of bus services within Greater Kuala Lumpur is that the network suffers from severe service quality, reliability and delivery issues.
With perceived shortfalls in the existing delivery of services, a perceived lack of integrated or comprehensive bus planning, a failure to publish timetables coupled with a seemingly uncoordinated network of services, appears to indicate that services are failing to meet the needs of the travelling public.
It is recognised from evidence in cities which operate a more coordinated network of services, such as London and more recently through proposals for area wide franchising in Singapore, that a number of these issues can be addressed through a revised regulatory model.
To meet the needs of present users, to ensure that services become attractive to a wider range of potential users and to improve planning capabilities to better integrate services, it is recognised that these qualitative elements be delivered through revised regulatory frameworks.
Aligning this with recent changes to service delivery across Greater Kuala Lumpur through route groups (also known as area-based delivery) will not only seek to bring about holistic improvements across the network more generally, but will engender improvements to individual routes, areas and communities.
The result of which, is that these combined measures will themselves bring about improvements to urban mobility.
This paper will examine whether realigning the bus industry, as part of a possible change in the regulatory model along with amended area based delivery, will bring about change in urban mobility.
It will use both quantitative and qualitative data from primary and secondary research to demonstrate justification for both the approach taken by this paper, and to provide a summary and recommendation.
Bringing these two strands together, the authors consider whether the changes to the regulatory model and the changes in local provision of bus services in Greater Kuala Lumpur, using additional evidence, encourages urban mobility and whether examples can support evidence for changes to large urban areas.
Association for European Transport