Assessment of Logistic and Traffic Management Tool-Suites for Crisis Management
Sandra Detzer, German Aerospace Center, Gaby Gurczik, German Aerospace Center, Adam Widera, University of Muenster
The paper deals with a joined experiment between the DLR, WWU and the THW to assess a logistic and a traffic management tool suite that provide relevant information for crisis managers.
In June 2013, extraordinary flooding occurred in the German river basins induced by continuous rainfall over several days. The major rivers and its tributaries of Southern and Eastern Germany reached their banks and flooded adjacent areas. Most affected rivers were Danube and Elbe, but also numerous other waters in the states of Bavaria, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Saxony, Thuringia, Brandenburg, Lower Saxony and Hesse. The consequences were spacious floods, population evacuations of enormous proportions and grave damage to the transport infrastructure. These and other flood disasters in Germany as well as in whole Europe have shown that tens of thousands of emergency forces (e.g. police, fire and rescue services) are needed to assist the affected areas. The mere fact, that the services (e.g. more than 8.000 emergency services of the German Federal Agency for Technical Relief (THW) solely along the Elbe during the flood in 2013) have to be coordinated, hosted and catered calls for logistics excellence.
In a crisis situation, the transport system mostly collapses first, even though the road traffic is of outstanding importance for the mobility and supply of the population. Especially in cases of flooding, the emergency services depend on a functioning and safe road network and traffic system to reach their place of action, to ensure evacuation and to provide the population with goods and services.
Within the framework of the EU project DRIVER emerging solutions for professional responders are evaluated in three key areas: civil society resilience, responder coordination as well as training and learning. One of the aims of the project is to create an evaluation framework by means of developing test-bed infrastructure and methodology to test and evaluate novel solutions in order to improve the coordination of the response effort. In this context, a joined experiment between the German Aerospace Center (DLR), the University of Muenster (WWU) and the THW is carried out. The purpose of that experiment is to explore a logistic and a traffic management tool suite that provide relevant information for crisis managers to cope challenges within the logistic and transport chain during the planning and response phase in the crises management cycle. The experiment is about modelling and simulating several setups in order to measure the performance of rescue forces with and without tool-suites for the purpose of highlighting and illustrating the benefits of the tool-suites. Each tool will bring its specific contribution and will benefit from possible interworking on different levels. The output will support decision makers in managing efficiently required logistics and transport needs.
Beside the challenges posed by increasing examples of extreme weather conditions in the context of logistic and traffic management, a description of the experiment and the tool-suites used for the experiment is included in the paper. Within the paper, we will deal with two assumptions: first, the provided tools lead to time savings in the fulfillment of the tasks in a crisis situation, and second, the usage of the tools facilitates the execution of the tasks. The experiment will be done by a table top exercise where a series of simulated use cases will provide insights in identifying bottlenecks, cascading effects and improvement potentials by analysis of current traffic and logistic situation as well as by simulating the transport of resources. For the experiment a scenario was chosen that is based on a river flooding event in the city of Magdeburg, capital of the Federal State Saxony-Anhalt in Germany.
Association for European Transport