A Minimum Transport Standard As a Basis for the State Transport Policy in Kazahstan



A Minimum Transport Standard As a Basis for the State Transport Policy in Kazahstan

Authors

BOUGROMENKO V N, GEOGRACOM, Russia

Description

Kazahstan is a great transport power. In different ways, all transport modes are presented there (table 1, fig 1).

Abstract

Kazahstan is a great transport power. In different ways, all transport modes are presented there (table 1, fig 1).

Spatial unity of this state is provided by the United Transport Network (U2N), so far being able to serve as the country 'blood system'. In other words, one of the factors of the state self- sufficiency is its provision with proper transport communication. The state's ability to maintain it's function considerably depends on extension, topology, capacity, technical equipment of its road communications.

Among such functions are depended on transport progress level one could emphasize the following blocks.

1. Geopolitical block: The use of benefits of transport-geographical position (communicational 'non-isolationness' from external world, transit potentials of the terri tory). Mobilization alert for civil and military purposes.

2. Economic block: Competitive ability of economy, including the reduction of tariff restriction burden, exchange of commodities volume. Extension and activisation of natural resources turnover.

3. Social block: Protection of democratic values, and human fight, including reduction of unemployment and social injustice in territorial aspects. Increase of consumption of socially-guarantied minimum services as a basis of the improvement of quality of life standards, including demographic aspects.

4. Ecological block: Environmental safety.

Publisher

Association for European Transport