The (im)possibilities of Achieving European Transport Policy Objectives Up to the Year 2020: a Statistical Analysis of Expert Opinions
RIENSTRA S A and NIJKAMP, Free University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Transport policy is a complex and multi-faceted course of action. In shaping transport policies, many stakeholders with conflicting interests play an important role. At the same time, transport policy influences many other policy objectives, e.g. economic
Transport policy is a complex and multi-faceted course of action. In shaping transport policies, many stakeholders with conflicting interests play an important role. At the same time, transport policy influences many other policy objectives, e.g. economic growth, equity and regional development (Nijkamp et al., 1997). For example, the Common Transport Policy (CTP) of the European Union (ELI) - which is the focus of this paper - has objectives in several dimensions (CEC, 1992): (i) free movement of goods and persons, (ii) development of a coherent, integrated transport syste m using the best available technology, (lii) reducing dispa- rifles between regions, e.g. by infrastructure construction, (iv) sustainable patterns of development by respecting the environment, (v) actions to promote safety, (vi) encouraging social cohesion and (vii) developing appropriate relations with third countries. These objectives are, however, very abstract in nature. In order to focus the analysis and to identify concrete targets for the CTP, the various objectives concerned may be redefined in three issues (POSSUM, 19972):
* efficiency: subsidies should be minimized and market principles should prevail in the operation of the transport system and in investment assessments;
* regional development: transport should stimulate economic development in peripheral regions and at the same time stimulate social cohesion within Europe;
* environment: the transport sector should reduce its external (environmental) impacts.
This paper will analyze to which extent these three distinct objectives are comple- mentary (under policy strategies applying the same types of policy packages) by means of analyzing experts' opinions, presenting concisely some dedicated scenarios and applying a multicriteria analysis to the achievement of targets for each of the three above policy dimensions.
Association for European Transport