From Traffic Growth Policies to Sustainable Transport: Tracking at Berlin and Vienna's Transport Policy Shift
Nicole Badstuber, University College London
This paper tracks the policy paradigm shift from car-orientated to sustainable urban transport policies in Berlin & Vienna. Using qualitative analysis the evolution of transport policy is traced to identify the factors that contributed the change.
This paper tracks the policy paradigm shift from car-orientated policies to promoting sustainable urban transport in Berlin and Vienna. Comprehensive qualitative analysis shines a light on the historical development of sustainable urban transport in the two cities. This paper outlines the current governance arrangements and policy direction in each city before tracing the policy shift over the past four decades. It identifies critical junctures in transport and mobility policy and explains how the political and institutional climate enabled the policy direction amended. The paper elaborates on the key interventions that indicate the policy shift and on specific factors enabled and supported its implementation. For illustration, these factors include the technical and associated economic feasibility of project implementation, the powers and autonomy of transport institutions, the legacy governance arrangements and public’s opinion. The research identifies four categories of factors that explain the shift: institutional, economic regulation, policy salience and technical innovation.
The insights presented were gained from qualitative interviews and workshops with key members of the local, city and national government administration, transport authorities, infrastructure owners, transport operators, politicians, experts and academics. This was complemented with an institutional analysis of the current and past transport governance structures and a discursive analysis of key transport policy documents over the past four decades.
These complementary methods offer a multi-facetted understanding of the factors that contributed to the paradigm shift in policy direction and thinking. This research is also a valuable contribution to understanding of urban transport governance and the evolution of transport policy.
Association for European Transport