URBAN POVERTY PROCESS AND MOBILITY SERVICES PROVISION: WHAT IS FAIR? THE CASE OF BARCELONA



URBAN POVERTY PROCESS AND MOBILITY SERVICES PROVISION: WHAT IS FAIR? THE CASE OF BARCELONA

Nominated for The Planning for Sustainable Land Use and Transport Award

Authors

Floridea Di Ciommo, CENIT-UPC Barcelona Tech, Francesc Magrinya, Autoridad Metropolitana De Barcelona, Maite Perez, IERMB – Institut D’Estudis Regionals Y Metropolitans De Barcelona

Description

The paper tackles transport issues contributing to the concentration of poverty in Barcelona areas and compares two equity criteria, sufficientarism and need-based, for analysing connectivity to health and education services for low-income people.

Abstract

URBAN POVERTY PROCESS AND MOBILITY SERVICES PROVISION: WHAT IS FAIR? THE CASE OF BARCELONA

Floridea Di Ciommo
CENIT – Center for Innovation in Transport-UPC
Francesc Magrinya
Jaume Roca
CENIT – Center for Innovation in Transport-UPC
AMB- Área Metropolitana de Barcelona
Maite Perez
IERMB – Institut d’Estudis Regionals y Metropolitans de Barcelona

Urban areas are experimenting increasing inequalities among population. Poverty is specially affecting both elder and young households at the metropolitan area of Barcelona. In particular, since 2004, data show that three key socio-economic phenomena are contributing to the poverty process: the increased cost of housing inside of Barcelona city, the increasing unemployment rate among young people, and the difficulty to pay the house loans that oblige some households to sell their centrally-located homes for installing themselves in outer metropolitan areas in which living costs are lower. These areas usually have mobility associated difficulties for accessing, by public transport, to key life activities (i.e. health and education services.

The paper aim is to tackle transport issues that contribute to the concentration of poverty in certain areas of Barcelona Metropolitan Area. Already ongoing initiatives such as the combined bus + taxi ticket for people in risk of exclusion are giving positive results but there is a need to complement these actions using a more comprehensive approach with the support of the metropolitan authorities.

The paper compares different equity criteria for analysing connectivity to health and education services for low-income people. In particular, two different equity schemes will be used for analyzing spatial data of urban poor area: 1) sufficientarism approach (i.e.to guaranty the minimum service for achieving the key activities destination); and 2) need-based criteria (i.e. to find the most adequate mobility solution within the portfolio of demand transport services). The first approach is a top-down solution, while the second one is linked to a bottom-up solution that responds to the two equity issues: fair services distribution and fair participation in transport services decision.

The conclusion of the paper will highlight the mobility policies that increase accessibility of people living in special urban poor areas and provide a participative tool. In respect to the sufficientarism criteria, the need-based criteria have the advantage to treat in a similar way different socio-economic urban areas with the same needs, and avoid the “cherry picking” phenomena, at the origin of the urban segregation.

Publisher

Association for European Transport